As of 11:43 am AST, foreign exchange rates between U.S., the Eurozone, certain African, Caribbean, Asian nations …

CAD/USD=0.7852USD/CAD=1.27263
MXN/USD=0.0505USD/MXN=19.7830
JMD/USD=0.00689USD/JMD=142.187
GYD/USD=0.0047USD/GYD=204.984
BBD/USD=0.5000USD/BBD=2.0000
TTD/USD=0.1448USD/TTD=6.6571
XCD/USD=0.37037USD/XCD=2.70
GBP/USD=1.3581USD/GBP=0.73549
EUR/USD=1.2075USD/EUR=0.8275
NGN/USD=0.0026USD/NGN=380.7000
GHS/USD=0.1701USD/GHS=5.8468
ZAR/USD=0.0656USD/ZAR=15.2200
KES/USD=0.0090USD/KES=109.135
BTC/USD=36,208.0000USD/BTC=0.0000
ETH/USD=955.0000USD/ETH=0.0009
JPY/USD=0.0100USD/JPY=103.8600
CNH/USD=0.1541USD/CNH=6.4831
AUD/USD=0.7701USD/AUD=1.2980
Source: OANDA

The Africa Play …

This morning I decided to take a look at how the U.S. dollar is faring this week against the Ghanaian, Nigerian, and Kenyan currencies in comparison to the Swiss franc, Chinese yuan (offshore), and the British pound. In my opinion the United States hasn’t demonstrated that it wants to be a significant trading partner with the African continent, but with a new administration and China’s well documented economic forays on the Continent, that may change.

Pairs4 January 20215 January 20216 January 20217 January 2021Notes
CNH/KES16.787916.840516.837316.8373.3% increase in exchange rate
USD/KES108.391108.461108.500108.500.1% increase in exchange rate
GBP/KES147.768147.472147.723147.723Flat
CHF/KES122.931123.285123.497123.497.5% increase in exchange rate
Source: OANDA
Pairs4 January 20215 January 20216 January 20217 January 2021Notes
CNH/NGN59.620659.264058.808258.80821.3% decrease in exchange rate
USD/NGN384.938381.690378.964378.9641.5% decrease in exchange rate
GBP/NGN524.784518.974515.960515.9601.7% decrease in exchange rate
CHF/NGN436.578433.856431.344431.3441.2% decrease in exchange rate
Source: OANDA
Pairs4 January 20215 January 20216 January 20217 January 2021Notes
CNH/GHS0.90640.90940.90740.90740Flat
USD/GHS5.85245.85695.84735.84735Flat
GBP/GHS7.97857.96357.96127.96118.2% decrease in exchange rate
CHF/GHS6.63756.65746.65566.65558.3% increase in exchange rate
Source: OANDA

US waits for Senate election results from Georgia; strength of US dollar against European, African currencies a mixed bag …

PairsOANDA as of 4 January 2021OANDA as of 6 January 2021Notes
USD/KES108.391108.461Dollar flat
USD/NGN384.938381.690Dollar weakening
USD/GHS5.85245.85693Dollar flat
USD/CDF1950.611950.01Dollar flat
USD/AOA648.310649.149Dollar flat
USD/ZAR14.630914.8552Dollar strengthening
Source: OANDA

Meanwhile, as the count in Georgia comes to a close, yields on longer term notes begin to increase as the Senate gets closer to a 50-50 split and the likelihood of more spending under a Biden administration ….

RatesFederal Reserve as of 4 January 2021Bloomberg as of 6 January 2021 10:30 am AST
Federal Funds Rate0.090.08
Prime Rate3.253.25
3-month Treasury0.090.08
2-year Treasury0.110.13
10-year Treasury0.931.02
30-year Treasury1.661.78
Source: Federal Reserve, OANDA

And the buzz phrase again mid-week is dollar weakening as exchange rates for a number of foreign exchange pairs continues to fall. This in light of disappointing jobs numbers from ADP where the payroll company determined that 123,000 jobs were lost in December 2020.

PairsFederal Reserve as of 4 January 2021OANDA as of 4 January 2021OANDA as of 6 January 2021 10:45 am AST
GBP/USD1.36621.36331.35967
USD/CAD1.27531.27261.27269
USD/CNH6.52506.45526.43929
USD/DKK6.08396.06576.05823
EUR/USD1.22301.22641.22774
USD/INR73.010072.936773.0696
USD/MXN19.892019.838219.9091
USD/JPY103.1900103.02102.36
USD/NOK8.57578.53008.50760
USD/SEK8.20958.20918.20299
USD/CHF0.88410.88150.87959
Source: OANDA

As Africa embarks on a new trade bloc, time to take closer look at its currencies …

PairsOANDA as of 4 January 2021OANDA as of 5 January 2021Notes
USD/KES108.391108.391Dollar weakening
USD/NGN384.938384.938Dollar strengthening
USD/GHS5.85245.85238Dollar weakening
USD/CDF1950.611950.61Dollar flat
USD/AOA648.310648.310Dollar weakening
USD/ZAR14.630914.6309Dollar flat
Source: OANDA

Political/Regulatory/Legal News Impacting US-Africa Foreign Exchange Pairs

No information to share at this time

Foreign exchange rates in Bezos’ Africa play …

Last November, it was reported that Jeff Bezos, via his personal venture capital fund, would be investing in the Uganda-based financial technology firm Chipper Cash. In an effort to monitor the progress of capital flows into African countries within Chipper Cash’s footprint, we are beginning a series of blog posts documenting foreign exchange rates in these countries.

As of 8:24 am AST 4 December 2020, here are the exchange rates with Ghana, Uganda, Nigeria, Tanzania, Rwanda, South Africa, and Kenya based on the U.S. dollar.

GHS/USD=0.17061 USD/GHS=5.82987

UGX/USD=0.00027 USD/UGX=3,668.06

NGN/USD=0.00262 USD/NGN=377.448

TZS/USD=0.00043 USD/TZS=2308.76

RWF/USD=0.00100 USD/RWF=974.557

ZAR/USD=0.06551 USD/ZAR=15.2518

KES/USD=0.00895 USD/KES=110.008

Source: OANDA

Legal/Political events impacting African currencies:

U.S. releases jobs report today

The U.S. Department of Labor today will release its jobs situation report which is expected to provide the U.S. and its trading partners with insights into the spending power of Americans. More individuals entering the labor market along with increases in wages should provide African nations trading with the U.S. a gauge on the capacity of the American consumer.

Price of the Eastern Caribbean Dollar …

How to read the chart:

XCD/USD: If you come to the United States with one Eastern Caribbean Dollar (XCD)and wish to sell it for a US dollar (USD), the market price is 0.37037 USD.

USD/XCD: If you take a US dollar (USD) to a participating Eastern Caribbean nation and wish to sell it for a Eastern Caribbean Dollar (XCD), the market price is 2.70 XCD.

As of 6:40 am AST this is the price of the Eastern Caribbean Dollar in various currencies:

XCD/USD=0.37037 USD/XCD=2.70

XCD/GBP=0.27581 GBP/XCD=3.62517

XCD/EUR=0.30526 EUR/XCD=3.27557

XCD/PLN=1.36501 PLN/XCD=0.73179

XCD/TRY=2.89327 TRY/XCD=0.34509

XCD/JPY=38.57 JPY/XCD=0.02592

XCD/XAF=200.284 XAF/XCD= 0.00499

XCD/TTD=2.46504 TTD/XCD=0.39101

XCD/BBD=0.74074 BBD/XCD=1.35000

XCD/JOD=0.26259 JOD/XCD=3.80818

XCD/CHN=2.42224 CHN/XCD=0.41276

Source: OANDA

Political/Legal Events impacting Eastern Caribbean Dollar:

U.S. awaits release of unemployment report

The U.S. Department of Labor is scheduled to release today its jobs situation report which will provide the U.S. and economies trading with the U.S. with insights into the American economy and its ability to consume exports.

Source: U.S. Department of Labor

As of 9:36 am AST 3 December 2020, Foreign exchange rates between U.S., select countries in East Africa, West Africa, the Caribbean, and Asia, and BitCoin; Federal Reserve sees increased bank delinquencies in 2021 …

As of 9:36 am AST, 3 December 2020:

How to read the chart:

CAD/USD: If you come to the United States with one Canadian dollar (CAD)and wish to sell it for a US dollar (USD), the market price is .77302 USD.

USD/CAD: If you take a US dollar (USD) to Canada and wish to sell it for a Canadian dollar (CAD), the market price is 1.29344 CAD

CAD/USD=0.77302   USD/CAD=1.29344

CNH/USD= 0.15265   USD/CNH=6.54972

EUR/USD= 1.20787   USD/EUR=0.82781

DKK/USD =0.16225   USD/DKK=6.16157

NGN/USD= 0.00262   USD/NGN=377.841

JPY/USD=0.00957   USD/JPY=104.50

INR/USD=0.01357      USD/INR=73.5849

JMD/USD=0.00678    USD/JMD=144.553

GYD/USD=0.00469       USD/GYD= 204.916

GHS/USD=0.17049     USD/GHS= 5.82649

XCD/USD=0.37037        USD/XCD= 2.70

KES/USD = 0.00897      USD/KES= 109.505

BBD/USD = 0.50000     USD/BBD = 2.0000

TTD/USD = .14488         USD/TTD= 6.65179

BTC/USD= 17444.40     USD/BTC= 0.00006

Source: OANDA

Major political/legal event impacting foreign exchange

Federal Reserve releases its Beige Book finding moderate, modest US expansion

Yesterday, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System released its final Beige Book for 2020.  The Federal Reserve determined that US economic expansion is either moderate or modest at best.  A number of districts, including the Philadelphia district, have observed a slow down in growth with a spike in COVID-19 cases since early November.  Banks expect the number of borrower delinquencies to increase in 2021.  

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

As of 12:04 pm AST 27 November 2020, Foreign exchange rates between U.S., select countries in East Africa, West Africa, the Caribbean, and Asia, and BitCoin

As of 12:04 pm AST, 27 November 2020:

How to read the chart:

CAD/USD: If you come to the United States with one Canadian dollar (CAD)and wish to sell it for a US dollar (USD), the market price is .76870 USD.

USD/CAD: If you take a US dollar (USD) to Canada and wish to sell it for a Canadian dollar (CAD), the market price is 1.30069 CAD

CAD/USD=0.76870   USD/CAD=1.30069

CNH/USD= 0.15229   USD/CNH=6.56495

EUR/USD= 1.19144   USD/EUR=0.83922

DKK/USD =0.16007   USD/DKK=6.24556

NGN/USD= 0.00261    USD/NGN=378.872

JPY/USD=0.00959    USD/JPY=104.28

INR/USD=0.01355       USD/INR=73.7012

JMD/USD=0.00673    USD/JMD=145.545

GYD/USD=0.00469       USD/GYD= 204.941

GHS/USD=0.17070     USD/GHS= 5.83161

XCD/USD=0.37037        USD/XCD= 2.70

KES/USD = 0.00901       USD/KES= 108.870

BTC/USD= 17368.40     USD/BTC= 0.00006

Source: OANDA

Major political/legal event impacting foreign exchange

Basel Committee amends capital requirements for non-performing loan securitisations

The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision yesterday published the technical amendment Capital treatment of securitisations of non-performing loans. The rule, which the Committee started developing before the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic, closes a gap in the Basel framework by setting out prudent and risk sensitive capital requirements for non-performing loan securitisations.

The Committee consulted publicly on the technical amendment in June 2020. In contrast to the consultative proposal, the final rule permits banks to apply the external ratings-based approach to non-performing loans securitisation exposures, without the 100% risk weight floor. In addition, the final rule include discounts on tranche sales in the definition of discount incurred by the originating bank that factors in the capital requirements.

Committee jurisdictions agreed to implement the technical amendment by no later than January 2023. The Committee would like to thank all those who contributed time and effort to express their views during the consultation process.

Source: Bank of International Settlements

Foreign exchange rates between U.S. and select countries in East Africa, West Africa, the Caribbean, and Asia

As of 11:32 am EST, 6 November 2020:

How to read the chart:

CAD/USD: If you come to the United States with one Canadian dollar (CAD)and wish to sell it for a US dollar (USD), the market price is .76351 USD.

USD/CAD: If you take a US dollar (USD) to Canada and wish to sell it for a Canadian dollar (CAD), the market price is 1.30955 CAD

CAD/USD=0.76351   USD/CAD=1.30955

CNH/USD= 0.15097   USD/CNH=6.62248

EUR/USD= 1.17863    USD/EUR=0.84834

DKK/USD =0.15827     USD/DKK=6.31674

NGN/USD= 0.00260    USD/NGN=382.756

JPY/USD=0.00962       USD/JPY=103.98

INR/USD=0.01349       USD/INR=73.9934

JMD/USD=0.00678      USD/JMD=144.450

GYD/USD=0.00478       USD/GYD= 209.187

GHC/USD=0.00002       USD/GHC= 58,277.2

XCD/USD=0.37037        USD/XCD= 2.70

KES/USD = 0.00909       USD/KES= 107.789

Source: Bankrate

Major political/legal event in the United States:  Ballot counting is continuing in the U.S. presidential elections. Democratic presidential candidate Joseph R. Biden reportedly has 264 unofficial Electoral College votes while Republican candidate Donald J. Trump has 214 unofficial Electoral College votes.

The official declaration of President-Elect is scheduled for 14 December 2020.

Today, the House Republican caucus plans to meet to discuss the feasibility of President Trump’s legal strategy for turning the ballot counting tide toward him and away from Joe Biden.  A number of prominent Republicans have questioned the President’s post election tone. For example, retiring US Senator Pat Toomey, Republican of Pennsylvania, found Trump allegations of election fraud to be without evidence and Mr Trump‘s words, “disturbing.”

Source: Bloomberg

Blacks don’t have to adhere to the nation-state concept …

The ‘country’ or ‘nation-state’ experience was never a part of African culture. It was never birthed into the DNA of Africans or into their descendants that were hauled into the western hemisphere. The concept was forced fed into them by westerners who needed to ensure uniform administration of human capital and natural resources in Africa, North and South America, and the Caribbean.

Ironically, the only group of Blacks that voluntarily adopted and incorporated the nation-state was the Haitian people who captured territory and created a nation the old fashioned and only legitimate way: by gun, machette, and blood. In my opinion, Haitians are the only Blacks on the planet that have a country (pursuant to the rules of this realm) for this reason.

None of that petitioning shit…

Given the roadblocks erected by Europeans to fully incorporate blacks into their political economies (just look at the U.S. Virgin Islands and its 103 year unincorporated status and only partial protection under the US Constitution), one wonders why Blacks don’t aggressively take the opportunity to create an independent socio-political-economic reality completely of their own?

The immediate response to that question tends to be the classic, pain and suffering driven, moralistic argument about this country or that country being built on the blood and sweat of Blacks. It is a narrative that Blacks hope whites will buy into, but after 503 years in the western hemisphere, Blacks should have learned by now that morals and emotions don’t build countries and sure don’t provide a full license to be included into existing ones.

With all the talk of the tumult of 2020, maybe the “universe” is signaling that Blacks are free to go and try another way; to create another “dimension” within or better yet overlaid on top of this one. With the domestic output, disposable income, and population that surpasses most countries on Earth, and an existing if not shaky affiliation with a continent rich in resources, Blacks have the potential to dominate multiple spaces on their own terms. Time for a will that equals the potential ..