|Currency pair||20 January 2021||24 March 2021||Percentage change|
As of 9:18 EST, 24 March 2021
|Currency pair||20 January 2021||24 March 2021||Percentage change|
As of 9:18 EST, 24 March 2021
The top twelve destinations for U.S. exports are Canada, Mexico, China, Japan, Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, South Korea, Norway, Brazil, and Taiwan. There has been a mixed bag in terms of increases or decreases in each country’s cost of the US dollar since the beginning of 2021. Using currency data from OANDA, we identified the rate changes between 1 January 2021 and 18 March 2021.
|Currency pair||1 January 2021||18 March 2021||Percentage change|
(1) France, Germany, and Belgium use the euro as their currency. We refer to them collectively as the Eurozone.
Since January, countries seeing their currencies significantly strengthen against the dollar are Canada and Great Britain. On the other hand, Mexico, Japan, the Eurozone, South Korea, and Brazil have seen their currencies significantly weaken, making their cost to import U.S. product more expensive.
The primary mover of currency rates is supply and demand. The increased price of the dollar could be a result of this basic economic principal. Changes in bond yields may also have an impact on currency pricing as well as changes in policy rates imposed on banks due to their central banks’ policy initiatives.
During the same period in 2020, with the exception of Japan, all other top US trading partners saw their costs for US exports increase as shown in the following table:
|Currency pair||1 January 2020||18 March 2020||Percentage change|
The shut downs around the globe due to the pandemic we believe may be the significant factor behind the changes in direction of these currency pairs.
18 March 2021 11:58 am EST
Bitcoin and Ethereum exchange rates as of 10:46 pm EST, 10 March 2021 …
ETH/USD: 1802.11 BTC/USD: 55,359.60
ETH/EUR: 1514.47 BTC/EUR: 46,523.70
ETH/GBP: 1,296.95 BTC/GBP: 39,841.50
ETH/CHF: 1,675.78 BTC/CHF: 51,479.00
ETH/JPY: 195,759.00 BTC/JPY: 6,013,600.00
ETH/CNY: 11,726.50 BTC/CNY: 360,230.00
Follow the links …
These digital assets are known non-fungible tokens, or NFTs. Blockchain technology allows these items to be publicly authenticated, serving as a digital signature to certify who owns it and that it is an original work. NFTs cannot be exchanged on a like-for-like basis, as each one is unique – in contrast to fungible assets like dollars, stocks or bars of gold. Explained: Non-fungible tokens or NFTs (yahoo.com)
THE Zimbabwe Coalition on Debt and Development (Zimcodd) has rejected claims by banks that they cannot pay interest on deposits because they are not making profit, arguing domestic financial institutions are outperforming their regional counterparts. ‘Banks must pay interest on deposits’ – NewsDay Zimbabwe
Forex is one of the most enormous and liquid markets around the globe. In 2010, the forex market accounted for more than 3 trillion dollars of daily trading. But the surprising fact is that the market did not exist a century ago. Unlike the stock market, we cannot trace the roots of the forex market. Evolution of Forex to Become the Largest Financial Market | Finance Magnates
After dipping as low as $53,500, buyers have re-entered the main stage and pushed Bitcoin to $57K. There is a good chance that the benchmark cryptocurrency will head into territory above $60K. Bitcoin rushes to new highs, supported by strong demand (fxstreet.com)
The Department of Financial Institutions is reminding investors to be on the lookout for investment schemes pitched through the internet and social media. Department of Financial Institutions lists Internet, social media scams as top threats for Ky. investors – KyForward.com | KyForward.com
10 March 2021
As of 4:17 pm EST, these are prices for top traded currency pairs:
As of 4:30 pm EST, these are select prices for Ethereum and Bitcoin:
8 March 2021
Follow the links …
Ethereum blockchain developers approved one of the biggest changes to the network since its inception in 2015, a shift that could spur even bigger gains in the price of its native cryptocurrency Ether. Crypto Coin Outperforming Bitcoin Is About to See Supply Reduced – Bloomberg
With expectations for inflation and growth taking flight, traders are signaling that they anticipate the Fed may have to respond more quickly than it’s indicated. Eurodollar futures now reflect a quarter-point hike in the first quarter of 2023, but they’re starting to suggest that it could come in late 2022. Fed officials have projected they’d keep rates near zero until at least the end of 2023. Bond Traders Go All-In on U.S. Treasury Market’s Big Short Bet – Bloomberg
Central banks helped save the world economy from depression as the pandemic struck. Now they are dealing with the hard part: managing the recovery amid a difference of opinion with investors. Central Banks Face Jumpy Bond Market With 10 Days of Decisions (yahoo.com)
Earlier, there was an impression that it was due to pent-up and festival demand. But now, it is genuine demand that is visible. The vaccination drive is giving greater confidence to consumers, so the demand is expected to sustain. The only downside risk is the recent spike in the number of Covid cases in certain parts of the country. Central banks in no rush to raise rates, will back growth: Shaktikanta Das (msn.com)
But I think we have to scratch a little bit below the surface, and what you will find is that despite the good news, which is predominantly in the US and in China, this is still a very incomplete recovery globally. What you see is yes, the US and China will have complete recoveries, but the global economy despite this improved outlook is still going to be about 4 percentage points below the pre-pandemic path, which is great. Now that fiscal policy has come to forefront, central banks need to step back a little: Sajjid Z Chinoy (msn.com)
What is the DYX Index? What Is The DXY Index? (yahoo.com)
7 March 2021
Foreign exchange rates as of 26 February 2021, 8:29 EST
AUS/USD : .7950
Bitcoin and Ethereum rates as of 26 February 2021, 8:29 EST
Interest rates of interest ….
Effective Federal Funds Rate: .07
Prime Rate: 3.25
Discount Window Rate: .25
Two-year Treasury: .12
Ten-year Treasury: 1.38
Thirty-year Treasury: 2.24
Source: Federal Reserve
Follow the links …
Central banks in Asia’s emerging economies added $467.7 billion to their foreign-exchange reserves last year, the most since 2013 when the region’s markets were rattled by the taper tantrum. Asia’s Central Banks Build Taper Tantrum Levels of Reserves (bloombergquint.com)
|Exchange Rate as of 22 February 2021||As of 9:21 am EST Exchange Rate as of 25 February 2021|
From the Federal Reserve …
As of February 25, 2021, the Federal Reserve reported the prime bank rate is 3.25%. The discount window rate is at .25% and the effective fed funds (interbank overnight rate) is at .07%.
The Federal Reserve also reported the 2-year Treasury yield at .11; the 10-year yield at 1.37%, and the 30-year yield at 2.21%.
Follow the links ….
European stocks enjoyed another positive session yesterday, driven once again by the travel, hospitality and commercial real-estate sector. Higher rate concerns put to one side with Europe set for a positive open | CMC Markets
It’s all about that reflation narrative, a narrative that continues to force upward pressure on stocks and downward pressure on the Buck. In our Wednesday call, we did however warn to start expecting more dovish speak out of central banks around the globe, in an effort to slow the pace of the USD decline. The reflation trade narrative [Video] (fxstreet.com)
25 February 2021
Federal Reserve Board Governor Lael Brainard made the following remarks regarding the economy, the Federal Reserve, and low income communities:
“Thank you, President Kaplan, our Advance Together partners, and everyone here for joining us today. I am honored to participate in this event and welcome the awardees of this important initiative to celebrate your success. Today marks a significant milestone in this effort to improve economic opportunity for residents of 25 counties across the great state of Texas. The Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas created Advance Together as a way to promote initiatives in Texas that reduce inequities in education and workforce development, and these Implementation Awards recognize outstanding examples of furthering those goals.
The Importance of Education and Workforce Development Initiatives
At the Federal Reserve, our community development mission is to promote economic growth and financial stability across the country, particularly in vulnerable communities. The ability to access quality education and training to build workforce skills is critical for low-income workers seeking greater opportunity for themselves and their families. Likewise, reducing the disparities in labor market opportunities among individuals in our society helps to support broader economic growth and financial stability.
These issues have taken on even greater importance over the past year. The COVID-19 pandemic has upended our personal and professional lives and continues to cause economic hardship for many Americans. While the economy has recovered substantially from the effects of the pandemic, it is concerning to see signs that the improvements have been uneven, with some households continuing to struggle with unemployment and facing financial difficulty.
Information from the Federal Reserve Board’s Survey of Household Economics and Decisionmaking, or SHED, provides evidence of these disparities.1 In the July 2020 responses to the SHED, many households reported major employment disruptions due to COVID-19, including layoffs, reductions of hours, or unpaid leave. By mid-summer, many of the affected individuals had returned to work, and many were receiving unemployment insurance benefits and other financial assistance. Even so, unemployment remained very high in July, and 23 percent of SHED respondents said they were either “just getting by” or “finding it difficult to get by.” Not surprisingly, those experiencing employment disruptions disproportionately reported that they were likely to have difficulty paying their bills.
The survey showed that employment disruptions and financial challenges disproportionately affected people of color and low-income families. And, unlike during previous recessions, a larger share of working women than men were laid off from their jobs.2
For many families, the pandemic exacerbated existing financial challenges. Economic mobility is largely driven by family financial stability and geographic resources such as transportation, quality education, and broadband access. The Fed’s research and its ongoing work in community development show that there is no quick fix for the disparities in household financial stability. And no single organization or government agency can solve these complex problems alone.
The Importance of Collaborative Efforts
This brings me to the importance of collaboration to address multidimensional community issues. While affordable housing and quality jobs are two very visible needs for low-income households, meeting these needs requires strategies that stretch across the fabric of the whole community, including childcare, education and training, transportation, and a safe and healthy environment. Collaboration between individuals and organizations of different talents and strengths can help find the kind of holistic solutions needed to bring greater opportunity to those at risk of being left behind in the recovery.
Today, we are here to celebrate Advance Together, one such effort to foster economic inclusion through innovative and collaborative programs. In 2020, the Federal Reserve completed a review of “place based” community development initiatives, those focused on a single community or area, across its 12 districts. While the place-based initiatives varied in purpose, scope, and approach from community to community, the very best of those local collaborations are reflected in Advance Together’s winning proposals. Most notably, each of these community-driven initiatives uses evidence-based research, fosters public–private partnerships, and promotes a collective vision for success.
The four winners that we are honoring today are the Educate Midland and Education Partnership of the Permian Basin; the Big Country Manufacturing Alliance, based in Abilene; the Family Pathways 2-Gen Coalition in Austin; and the Deep East Texas College and Career Alliance.
It has truly been a pleasure to learn about the unique and innovative efforts each of you are undertaking to address the education and workforce challenges in your own communities. Members of the Educate Midland & Education Partnership are analyzing student data to deepen their understanding of student outcomes by race and to identify practices that can reduce inequities in education and workforce development that limit economic opportunity. The Big Country Manufacturing Alliance is streamlining training and job placement for young workers interested in manufacturing careers. The Family Pathways 2-Gen Coalition supports students with children on their path to a college degree. And, finally, the Deep East Texas College and Career Alliance is helping rural and first-generation college students attain post-secondary credentials that are in demand by employers.
Just as Advance Together benefited from past place-based initiatives, the lessons learned from your local collaborations will inform and influence new community strategies going forward. I look forward to following your efforts to create economic opportunity in communities across Texas. It’s really an honor to join in your celebration today. Congratulations to the winners and thank you to all of the participants.”
Federal Reserve data
As of February 19, 2021, the Federal Reserve reported the prime bank rate is 3.25%. The discount window rate is at .25% and the effective fed funds (interbank overnight rate) is at .07%.
The Federal Reserve also reported the 2-year Treasury yield at .11; the 10-year yield at 1.34%, and the 30-year yield at 2.14%.
Foreign exchange rates:
|Currency pairs||Exchange Rate as of 4:15 pm 22 February 2021(1)||As of 6:23 am EST Exchange Rate as of 23 February 2021(2)(3)|
Follow the links …
Sudan’s central bank steeply devalued the country’s currency, as part of a broader effort to win debt relief and revive the struggling economy. Sudan Central Bank Devalues the Currency to Revive Economy (msn.com)
The Central Bank of Morocco is now studying the concept of central bank digital currencies (CBDCs) and has set up a committee to extensively explore its pros and cons, according to reports on February 20, 2021. Morocco’s Central Bank Looks to Launch Own Digital Currency | BTCMANAGER
Assistant Governor Christopher Kent’s speech on FX markets around the turn of the year. FX Markets Around the Turn of the Year | Speeches | RBA
Reserve Bank of Australia’s cash rate target is 0.1%; 3-year Australian Government Bond Yield target, 0.1%; inflation rate, 0.9%. Reserve Bank of Australia (rba.gov.au)
People’s Bank of China announced open market operation of RMB10 billion, seven days maturity, at 2.20%. Open Market Operations No.33  (pbc.gov.cn)
|Currency pairs||Exchange Rate as of 4:15 pm 16 February 2021(1)||As of 6:53 pm EST Exchange Rate as of 21 February 2021(2)(3)|
Follow the links …
The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) sold a total of $10.308 billion in the foreign exchange (FX) market in the first six months of 2020. Nigeria: FX Market – CBN Intervened With U.S.$10.308 Billion in Six Months – allAfrica.com
A Canadian energy firm became the world’s first nonfinancial issuer to sell debt linked to the main LIBOR alternative, a boost for policymakers in their struggle to encourage market adoption of the new financial benchmark. Corporate Bond Sale Boosts Campaign to Kill off LIBOR | Treasury & Risk (treasuryandrisk.com)
Central bank support for pandemic-hit economies looks to endure well past the recovery in output, leaving investors little option but to keep chasing a parabolic bull market until the fabled “punch bowl” is eventually removed. Column: Central Bank ‘Punch Bowl’ Still Brimming for Markets | Investing News | US News
New Zealand’s central bank is expected to leave interest rates unchanged at its first monetary policy decision of 2021 next week, as the economy rebounds faster from the coronavirus pandemic, but any tightening is still a long way off. New Zealand central bank to stand pat as economy rebounds – Reuters poll (msn.com)
Northern Trust (Nasdaq: NTRS) is experiencing strong demand for its Foreign Exchange (FX) currency management services with a number of significant new mandates over the past 12 months. Northern Trust Expands Foreign Exchange Currency Management Services Footprint with Key New Mandates (apnews.com)
|Currency pairs||Exchange Rate as of 4:15 pm 16 February 2021(1)||As of 8:24 am EST Exchange Rate as of 19 February 2021(2)(3)|