Interbank market news scan: Cryptocurrency exchange rates. India moves closer to banning crypto…

Crypto-foreign exchange rates …

BTC/USD=57,204.20 ETH/USD=1,771.42

BTC/EUR=47,844.90 ETH/EUR=1,481.59

BTC/GBP=41,071.20 ETH/GPB=1,271.84

BTC/AUD=73,643.60 ETH/AUD=2,280.49

BTC/CAD=71,357.70 ETH/CAD=2,209.70

BTC/CHF=53,141.60 ETH/CHF=1,645.61

BTC/JPY=6,236,150.00 ETH/JPY=193,112.00

BTC/CNY= 372,220.00 ETH/CNY=11,526.40

Source: OANDA

What are we following? Follow the links….

India will propose a law banning cryptocurrencies, fining anyone trading in the country or even holding such digital assets, a senior government official told Reuters in a potential blow to millions of investors piling into the red-hot asset class. India to Propose Cryptocurrency Ban, Penalising Miners, Traders (fxempire.com)

With the introduction of the Cryptocurrency and Regulation of Official Digital Currency Bill, 2021, India has pivoted towards a complete ban on cryptocurrencies other than sovereign cryptocurrencies; a stark departure from the traditional laissez-faire stand towards regulating cryptocurrencies. Skipping Regulation & Banning Cryptocurrency: A Lackadaisical Legislation Without Legitimate Aim? (entrepreneur.com)

Interbank market news scan: Kentucky puts crypto on the scams hit list; Bitcoin strengthens while Ethereum weakens …

Bitcoin and Ethereum exchange rates as of 10:46 pm EST, 10 March 2021 …

ETH/USD: 1802.11 BTC/USD: 55,359.60

ETH/EUR: 1514.47 BTC/EUR: 46,523.70

ETH/GBP: 1,296.95 BTC/GBP: 39,841.50

ETH/CHF: 1,675.78 BTC/CHF: 51,479.00

ETH/JPY: 195,759.00 BTC/JPY: 6,013,600.00

ETH/CNY: 11,726.50 BTC/CNY: 360,230.00

Source: OANDA

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These digital assets are known non-fungible tokens, or NFTs. Blockchain technology allows these items to be publicly authenticated, serving as a digital signature to certify who owns it and that it is an original work. NFTs cannot be exchanged on a like-for-like basis, as each one is unique – in contrast to fungible assets like dollars, stocks or bars of gold. Explained: Non-fungible tokens or NFTs (yahoo.com)

THE Zimbabwe Coalition on Debt and Development (Zimcodd) has rejected claims by banks that they cannot pay interest on deposits because they are not making profit, arguing domestic financial institutions are outperforming their regional counterparts. ‘Banks must pay interest on deposits’ – NewsDay Zimbabwe

Forex is one of the most enormous and liquid markets around the globe. In 2010, the forex market accounted for more than 3 trillion dollars of daily trading. But the surprising fact is that the market did not exist a century ago. Unlike the stock market, we cannot trace the roots of the forex market. Evolution of Forex to Become the Largest Financial Market | Finance Magnates

After dipping as low as $53,500, buyers have re-entered the main stage and pushed Bitcoin to $57K. There is a good chance that the benchmark cryptocurrency will head into territory above $60K. Bitcoin rushes to new highs, supported by strong demand (fxstreet.com)

The Department of Financial Institutions is reminding investors to be on the lookout for investment schemes pitched through the internet and social media. Department of Financial Institutions lists Internet, social media scams as top threats for Ky. investors – KyForward.com | KyForward.com

10 March 2021

Interbank market news scan: Will Ripple, XRP facilitate development of central bank digital currencies?

Bitcoin and Ethereum exchange rates as of 10 March 2021, 5:30 am EST

ETH/USD: 1,818.90 BTC/USD: 53,961.00

ETH/EUR: 1,530.63 BTC/EUR: 45,408.90

ETH/GBP: 1,311.22 BTC/GBP: 38,899.80

ETH/AUD: 2,365.32 BTC/AUD: 70,171.70

ETH/CHF: 1,695.32 BTC/CHF: 50,294.90

ETH/JPY: 197,890.00 BTC/JPY: 5,870,770.00

ETH/CNY: 11,848.20 BTC/CNY: 351,500.00

Source: OANDA

For what I am following, follow the links …

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has announced a scheme that seeks to boost international remittances as well as to encourage the use of official corridors when retrieving funds. The CBN’s move to incentivise recipients follows the plummeting of the country’s official remittances inflows as recipients opt for non-traditional corridors such as cryptocurrencies. Nigeria to Pay 1.2 Cents for Each Dollar Remitted to the Country to Combat Cryptocurrency Use – Emerging Markets Bitcoin News

The worldwide cryptocurrency market size is anticipated to arrive at USD 1,758.0 million by 2027, displaying a CAGR of 11.2% during the estimated time frame. The developing tendency of people in created nations towards virtual cash trade strategies will immensely affect the market during the gauge time frame. Cryptocurrency Market to Expand with Increasing Internet Penetration, says Fortune Business Insights (yahoo.com)

Banque de France, the central bank of France, has reportedly discussed XRP and Ripple for the launch of a central bank digital currency (CBDC). The central bank is planning to prefer XRP over Bitcoin and Ethereum. Bank of France, Likely to Prefer XRP over Bitcoin and Ethereum | Finance Magnates

Bitcoin’s value surpassed $1 trillion on Tuesday as the price of the cryptocurrency jumped. Bitcoin (BTC) value exceeds $1 trillion for second time (cnbc.com)

10 March 2021

Interbank market news scan: People are still learning about decentralized finance and non-fungible tokens …

Bitcoin and Ethereum rates as of 2:00 pm EST:

ETH/USD: 1,727.26 BTC/USD: 50,781.20

ETH/EUR: 1,453.99 BTC/EUR: 42,747.00

ETH/GBP: 1,248.90 BTC/GBP: 36,717.40

ETH/AUD: 2,250.84 BTC/AUD: 66,174.40

ETH/CHF: 1,612.47 BTC/CHF: 47,406.40

ETH/JPY: 187,629.00 BTC/JPY: 5,516,260.00

ETH/CNY: 11,255.90 BTC/CNY: 330,921.00

Source: OANDA

Follow the links …

Engaging in the traditional financial markets has become less appealing to consumers and institutional investors as of late. New opportunities are plentiful, with decentralized finance getting a lot of attention. However, that new movement is not without its risks and flaws, either. Decentralized finance may be the future, but education is still lacking (cointelegraph.com)

Akash Network, a project out of Overclock Labs, confirmed the successful launch of Akash MAINNET 2, the first open-source cloud and the only viable decentralized cloud alternative to centralized cloud providers like Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud, and Microsoft Azure. Decentralized finance may be the future, but education is still lacking (cointelegraph.com)

In May 2021, Brinc Finance is launching the Brinc Token (BRC) – the world’s first defi cryptocurrency backed by on-chain reserves that delivers intrinsic value by distributing fees and governance tokens directly to holders. The BRC Token is powered by an algorithmic bonding curve which governs the minting, burning, price, and supply via smart contract. Brinc Finance introduces the BRC Token – a defi token with intrinsic value, increasing returns, and on-chain reserves | Markets Insider (businessinsider.com)

NFT, or non-fungible token, has become 2021’s ‘blockchain’, a word you’ve never heard of before that is suddenly everywhere. Be it Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey auctioning his first tweet, or the Kings of Leon selling their latest album, as one, NFTs are everywhere. But what is an NFT? What is an NFT? Non-fungible tokens explained and why you shouldn’t dismiss this fad | TechRadar

Interbank market news scan: Foreign exchange and cryptocurrency rates …

As of 4:17 pm EST, these are prices for top traded currency pairs:

EUR/USD=1.1850

GBP/USD=1.3826

AUD/USD=0.7649

USD/CAD=1.2669

USD/CHF=0.9351

USD/JPY=108.8600

USD/CNY=6.5250

Source: Reuters

As of 4:30 pm EST, these are select prices for Ethereum and Bitcoin:

ETH/USD=1548.18 BTC/USD=49112.00

ETH/EUR=1299.20 BTC/EUR=41,213.70

ETH/GBP=1118.47 BTC/GBP=35,480.40

ETH/AUD=2011.80 BTC/AUD=63,818.80

ETH/CAD=1958.59 BTC/CAD=62,130.80

ETH/CHF=1439.56 BTC/CHF=45,666.20

ETH/JPY=167,662.00 BTC/JPY=5,318,610.00

ETH/CNY=10,049.70 BTC/CNY=318,798.00

Source: OANDA

8 March 2021

Interbank market scan: Ether makes headway ahead of Bitcoin …

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Ethereum blockchain developers approved one of the biggest changes to the network since its inception in 2015, a shift that could spur even bigger gains in the price of its native cryptocurrency Ether. Crypto Coin Outperforming Bitcoin Is About to See Supply Reduced – Bloomberg

With expectations for inflation and growth taking flight, traders are signaling that they anticipate the Fed may have to respond more quickly than it’s indicated. Eurodollar futures now reflect a quarter-point hike in the first quarter of 2023, but they’re starting to suggest that it could come in late 2022. Fed officials have projected they’d keep rates near zero until at least the end of 2023. Bond Traders Go All-In on U.S. Treasury Market’s Big Short Bet – Bloomberg

Central banks helped save the world economy from depression as the pandemic struck. Now they are dealing with the hard part: managing the recovery amid a difference of opinion with investors. Central Banks Face Jumpy Bond Market With 10 Days of Decisions (yahoo.com)

Earlier, there was an impression that it was due to pent-up and festival demand. But now, it is genuine demand that is visible. The vaccination drive is giving greater confidence to consumers, so the demand is expected to sustain. The only downside risk is the recent spike in the number of Covid cases in certain parts of the country. Central banks in no rush to raise rates, will back growth: Shaktikanta Das (msn.com)

But I think we have to scratch a little bit below the surface, and what you will find is that despite the good news, which is predominantly in the US and in China, this is still a very incomplete recovery globally. What you see is yes, the US and China will have complete recoveries, but the global economy despite this improved outlook is still going to be about 4 percentage points below the pre-pandemic path, which is great. Now that fiscal policy has come to forefront, central banks need to step back a little: Sajjid Z Chinoy (msn.com)

What is the DYX Index? What Is The DXY Index? (yahoo.com)

7 March 2021

A problem for the US government is that in twenty years time, the dollar may be a reserve currency for the unwashed…

The current crypto play …

Bitcoin and Ethereum continued their gains this week. The BTC/USD pair has climbed 10.4% to 50,415.50 USD from its value on 1 March 2021, while the ETH/USD pair has climbed 9.6% to 1,565.26 USD over the same period. The BTC/EUR and ETH/EUR pairs also climbed 10.4% and 9.6%, respectively between 1 March and 4 March 2021. The BTC/GBP and ETH/GBP pairs have followed suit with increases of 10.2% and 9.4%, respectively.

Source: OANDA

Another example of more practical crypto use: NFTs

Rock group Kings of Leon recently announced that they are dropping a new album in the form of a non-fungible token, A non-fungible token is a type of cryptocurrency that holds assets like art, tickets, or music and operates on blockchain technology. According to an article in The Rolling Stone, music groups are exploring NFTs as a way to offset two decades of losses due in great part to streaming where consumers are gaining access to an artist’s product at next to nothing costs.

While some may view this type of cryptocurrency as nothing by coupons on steroids, I believe the ability of individuals, groups, and institutions to turn their brands into micro-economies creates a long term problem for governments. For example, as a Kings of Leon NFT comprised of intricate digital art work grows in popularity over the years, it becomes a tradeable asset with increasing gains. Not only will it be tradeable for dollars, but it will be traded for other NFTs or other digital assets issued by your “utility” platforms. Kroger, Southern Company, and Delta may accept from a resident of Atlanta a NFT in exchange for a certain amount of groceries, energy, or airline tickets.

In the future, for consumers who are denied access to private platforms where they can trade for NFTs or other digital assets, they may be stuck with the dollar as their only currency. The future problem for the US government could be that a reduced network effect resulting from a fall off in use of its payment system may find government forced to shift more of the cost burden onto poorer citizens with no access to private platforms. Will government have to redesign its purpose in order to meet a potential shift in the use of its payment systems? And if so, how should that shift look?

4 March 2021, 1:22 pm EST

Individual brands becoming their own “crypto-banks” not a far off possibility …

Data from OANDA, a brokerage, sees the dollar, euro, and pound values of Bitcoin continued their climb this week. The BTC/USD pair increased by 6.4% from 45,657.60 USD on 1 March 2021 (10:30 am EST) to today’s 48,609.70 USD. The BTC/GBP pair jumped 6.6% over the same period, from 32,761.20 GBP to 34,919.20 GBP. The BTC/EUR pair was not to be outdone with a 6.7% increase from 37,809.80 EUR to 40,353.90 EUR.

The Ethereum trade saw higher increases percentage wise. The ETH/USD came in today at 1,532.36 USD, up 7.3% from 1 March. The ETH/GBP and ETH/EUR were up 7.4% and 7.6%, respectively, over the same period.

Volatility will remain an issue for some time as the business media reports cryptocurrency as prominently a speculative play even as mainstream investment bank willingness to facilitate trade in cryptocurrency increases. What will quiet volatile moves in cryptocurrency prices is if more consumers see crypto as part of the mainstream payment system.

A recent article in Vogue sheds some light on that possibility. The article addresses up front the taint that crypto has to shake; that it is a medium for money laundering, drug trafficking, and tax evasion. But the article also points out that activity such as online gaming and the issuance of nonfungible tokens (NFT) are driving Bitcoin resurgence.

A NFT is published on an Ethereum blockchain ledger, is certifiably singular, and prevents replication by others.

The article points out that fashion is making inroads into the metaverse, the virtual world where participants interact via avatars, and following the trend where physical assets e.g., collectibles, are represented in digital form.

The takeaway that got me excited was the finding among individuals interviewed in the article that platforms and individuals are moving toward issuing their own currencies. “Cryptocurrencies are like air miles in that they can only be used within the infrastructure of specific companies, ” notes the author, Kati Chitrakorn. Firms are taking the opportunity to launch their own currencies where their inventory is limited and they provide their fans with short windows on certain purchases.

“Imagine only being able to purchase a must-have product via the brand’s coin or getting access only if you hold a certain amount of these coins”, says Mahesh Vellanki of Rally, a blockchain platform. “Brands and creators might prefer to use their own tokens to build their own economies and interact with fans on their terms.”

Another takeaway from the article is a third way for the consumer to obtain Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies. We are familiar with the mining aspect, where as part of validating a transaction a mathematical problem is solved by a “miner” who receives Bitcoin as compensation. We are seeing a lot of buying as the second option. The third option often overlooked in mainstream media is obtaining a loyalty token on certain platforms.

In the short term I see where operating within the current jurisdictional environment places a severe limit on these platforms to grow and their currencies maximized. Large platforms such as Amazon and Facebook already start with a huge advantage as non nation-state platforms were goods and services are exchanged. For the individual sovereign, their wealth generated by their ability to leverage their brand to issue currency is limited by the taxing authority they reside under.

Question is, can the individual, as a physical asset, digitize into an alternative space and create their own jurisdiction?

The problem with regulating cryptocurrency. Like any currency, it is speech. Why regulate its movement?

Currency is more than just paper authorized by the government to be put in circulation around a country. Currency says something about the value of the issuer. A currency tells its holder that the issuer brings to the market a level of economic value. That value is captured in the goods the issuer produces. The value is reflected in the laws that protect the markets within which the products are bought and sold. Currency communicates a message as to how well its underlying economy is doing and the prices paid for currency reflect how well these messages are received by other countries and potential holders.

Currency is speech …

The United States, by law, puts restraints on its government by a constitutional requirement that its Congress make no law “abridging the freedom of speech.” Article 19 of the United Nation’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights provides that:

“Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.”

And I would argue that currency is such a medium for conveying information and ideas. As discussed prior, it conveys information, thoughts, ideas about its underlying economy. Its use tells us that someone has decided to use it as a store of wealth, as a unit of account, and is willing to use it as a medium of exchange for the aforementioned reasons.

Cryptocurrency does the same thing that the paper currency we are used to does. Rather than an analog-based paper currency, crypto is digital created and transmitted or exchanged digitally. The information it conveys is written in encrypted code. Unlike paper currency, cryptocurrency is not yet accepted as ready for prime time even though recent moves by individuals e.g., Elon Musk tweeting support for bitcoin and Dogecoin; corporations e.g., Subway accepting bitcoin as payment for sandwiches; and investment banks, e.g., Goldman Sachs starting a bitcoin trading desk, indicate investors are warming to the idea of cryptocurrency as a store of value or even a medium of account.

It is taking a little longer for the public to see bitcoin as a medium of exchange. The general public has to get its head around the idea that a sandwich can be bought with bitcoin or services rendered can be compensated with Ethereum. When it comes to mainstream use as a medium of exchange, the speech we are hearing is more like the babbling of an 18-month old, but we are reminded that the leap from toddler chat to adult yak and the move from cowry shells to paper currency was eventually made.

In the meantime, I believe that proponents should head off increased regulation of cryptocurrency by making the argument to regulators such as the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, the Securities and Exchange Commission, and the U.S. Treasury with the speech argument for starters. Individuals should be able to convey how they value their wealth by being able to finance and trade cryptocurrency. Currency is merely a medium and just like the American broadcast and communications systems have abandoned analog and have embraced digital for its flexibility and data capacity, so too should the American public by embracing crypto as a way to express wealth, value, and economy.

Interbank market news scan: central banks, banks, cryptocurrencies …

Cryptocurrency exchange rates at 11:46 am EST …

BTC/USD=47,627.90

ETH/USD=1,485.88

BTC/EUR=39490.20

ETH/EUR=1,232.00

BTC/GBP=34,138.00

ETH/GBP=1,065.03

Source: OANDA

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Due to bitcoin’s potential to satisfy the three functions of money, bitcoin users expect them to replace paper currency in the long run. However, all of the above may be some of the reasons why Central banks and monetary authorities have been worried about the increasing adoption of Cryptocurrency around the world. Moreover, economists have been worried about how cryptocurrencies could transform the role of Central banks. Wait a minute! Can cryptocurrencies replace paper money? (msn.com)

“But I have to say, regulation is in its early innings – if there is no final use case for bitcoins, [and] I don’t think it’s going to be, [then] ultimately this bubble will pop, but it could take a decade.” Harvard Professor Kenneth Rogoff Warns Central Banks Will Never Allow Bitcoin to Go Mainstream – Regulation Bitcoin News

More cryptocurrency trading goes on in Nigeria than almost anywhere else in the world, reflecting a loss of faith in more traditional forms of investment, as Ijeoma Ndukwe reports. Cryptocurrencies: Why Nigeria is a global leader in Bitcoin trade (yahoo.com)

2 March 2021