Interbank Market News Scan: Banks, prime brokerages. Still Assessing Archegos fallout …

Links of interest …

Banks. The financial watchdog overseeing Danske Bank A/S says the European Union needs to re-examine the limits of client privacy if it’s serious about fighting money laundering and other forms of financial crime. Danske Bank Watchdog Calls for EU Debate on Client Secrecy Rules – Bloomberg

Banks. Foreign demand for a slice of Taiwan’s increasingly profitable companies is threatening to upend the central bank’s decades-old currency management policy. Taiwan Central Banker Says Currency Policy Faces ‘Turning Point’ – Bloomberg

Banks. Credit Agricole SA Chief Financial Officer Jerome Grivet speaks on Bloomberg Television about the bank’s trading performance, earnings and M&A strategy in Italy. The Paris-based lender’s profits jumped 64% to 1.05 billion euros ($1.27 billion) in the first quarter, boosted by a 17% rise in capital markets and investment banking revenue to 708 million euros, beating the highest analyst estimate. Credit Agricole CFO Jerome Grivet on Trading Revenue, Italy M&A, Q1 Earnings: Video – Bloomberg

Banks. Edward Bramson, the activist investor who targeted Barclays Plc, has said that business isn’t a science. But his three-year attempt to force through change at the British bank didn’t show much art either, hence his capitulation on Friday. Edward Bramson Picked a Bad Time to Bet Against Barclays Traders – Bloomberg

Banks. Wall Street firms have urged the Biden administration to ease the industry’s burden in complying with a flood of financial sanctions the U.S. has levied in recent years as a primary tool of foreign policy toward Russia, China, Iran and other adversaries. Banks Seek Biden’s Aid After Trump’s 1,000-Sanctions-a-Year Pace – Bloomberg

Banks, cryptocurrency, CBDC. As the cryptocurrency market continues to skyrocket – hitting a $1 trillion in February to double its market capitalization in just three months – enthusiasts such as Mark Cuban are increasing calls for the world to embrace digital and decentralized money. Cryptocurrencies, the billionaire said, are the future, especially as the world recovers from once-in-a-generation pandemic. Mark Cuban explains why crypto is the future, especially as the world recovers from a generational pandemic (msn.com)

Banks, prime brokerages. As Archegos has caused Credit Suisse to retrench in prime brokerage, it has set off a jockeying for clients by others. Dogecoin Is Up Because It’s Funny – Bloomberg

Banks, prime brokerages. Three years after he left in a leadership shakeup, former Credit Suisse Group AG prime broker head Indrajit Bardhan is returning to clean up his old unit in the wake of its multibillion-dollar losses from botched dealings with Archegos Capital Management. Credit Suisse Lures Back Prime Broker Head to Clean Up Archegos – Bloomberg

Banks, prime brokerages. The litany of setbacks is probably not over. Why foreign banks’ forays on Wall Street have gone wrong—again | The Economist

Foreign exchange rates of interest …

Currency PairsRates as of 6:45 pm EST 9 May 2021Rates as of 10:27 pm EST 6 May 2021Change in pips
EUR/USD1.21611.2060+101
GBP/USD1.39941.3904+90
AUD/USD0.78420.7780+62
USD/CAD1.21301.2154-24
USD/JPY108.6000109.1100-5100
USD/NOK8.20398.3028 -989
USD/CHF0.90050.9077-72 
USD/SEK8.30508.4223 -1,173
USD/MEX19.900020.0860 -1,860
Source: Reuters

Fed Funds and Treasury rates …

Fed Funds.05
Bank prime rate3.25
Fed Funds target rate.25
2-yr Treasury.14
10-yr Treasury1.58
30-yr2.28
Source: Bloomberg

Interbank Market News Scan: A vote that can bring the question of Scottish independence a little closer…

Links you should be following today …

Trading desks. A week that could set in motion the eventual collapse of the 314-year union between England and Scotland is concentrating City trading desks on market disasters ahead. ‘Worse Than Brexit’: Scottish Independence Weighs on U.K. Assets – Bloomberg

Banks. Kate Kelly, The New York Times business reporter, joins ‘Squawk on the Street’ to discuss her story on Goldman Sachs’ plan to end remote work for most of its workers and bring them back to the office by mid-to-late June. Goldman Sachs to end remote work for most employees — What that could mean for other banks (msn.com)

Banks. Larger banks ask corporate clients to reduce their cash deposits. Cash-rich US banks move to reduce corporate deposits | Financial Times (ft.com)

Banks. Long ago central banks secured a monopoly over the issuance of paper money. Now physical cash in the form of bank notes and coins is in terminal decline. But the monetary authorities don’t intend to allow cryptocurrencies to fill the void without a fight. Instead, they’re responding with their own version of a so-called “stablecoin”. These central bank digital currencies, or CBDCs, could turn out to be the most revolutionary financial innovation since, well, the inception of paper money. Chancellor: Central bank coin will crush the banks | Nasdaq

Banks. Loan officers at U.S. banks reported easing standards on most business and household loans in the first three months of the year as more of the country reopened amid accelerating vaccination rates. Banks eased standards for business, household loans in first quarter, Fed survey shows (msn.com)

Foreign exchange rates of interest …

Currency PairsRates as of 9:29 pm EST 4 May 2021Rates as of 11:05 pm EST 3 May 2021Change in pips
EUR/USD1.20171.2047-30
GBP/USD1.38911.3879+12
AUD/USD0.77110.7742-31
USD/CAD1.22901.2293-3
USD/JPY109.3000109.1900+1,100
USD/NOK8.32768.2964+312
USD/CHF0.91330.9124+9
USD/SEK8.48378.4250+587
USD/MEX20.183720.2220-383
Source: Reuters

FedWatch: Fed chair Jerome Powell delivers remarks on the Community Reinvestment Act and the importance of community development …

“We see our robust supervisory approach as critical to addressing racial discrimination, which can limit consumers’ ability to improve their economic circumstances, including through access to homeownership and education.” — Jerome Powell

“Good afternoon. It is a pleasure to be with you today.

Together, over the past year, we have been making our way through a very difficult time. We are not out of the woods yet, but I am glad to say that we are now making real progress. While some countries are still suffering terribly in the grip of COVID-19, the economic outlook here in the United States has clearly brightened. Vaccination levels are rising. Fiscal and monetary policy are providing strong support. The economy is reopening, bringing stronger economic activity and job creation.

That is the high-level perspective—let’s call it the 30,000 foot view—and from that vantage point, we see improvement. But we should also take a look at what is happening at street level. Lives and livelihoods have been affected in ways that vary from person to person, family to family, and community to community. The economic downturn has not fallen evenly on all Americans, and those least able to bear the burden have been the hardest hit.

The pain is all the greater in light of the gains we had seen in the years prior to the pandemic. COVID swept in as the United States was experiencing the longest expansion on record. Unemployment was at 50-year lows, and inflation remained under control. Wages were moving up, particularly for the lowest-paid workers. Long-standing racial disparities in unemployment were narrowing, and many who had struggled for years were finding jobs. It was not until the later years of that expansion that its benefits had started to reach those on the margins. During our Fed Listens events, we met with people around the country and heard repeatedly about the life-changing gains of the strong labor market, particularly at the lower end of the income spectrum. Just a few months later, those stories changed to ones of job losses, overextended support services, and businesses built over generations closing their doors for good.

While the recovery is gathering strength, it has been slower for those in lower-paid jobs: Almost 20 percent of workers who were in the lowest earnings quartile in February of 2020 were not employed a year later, compared to 6 percent for workers in the highest quartile.1

The Fed’s latest Survey of Household Economics and Decisionmaking—or SHED report—which will be published later this month, will show that, for prime-age adults without a bachelor’s degree, 20 percent saw layoffs in 2020 versus 12 percent for college-educated workers. And more than 20 percent of Black and Hispanic prime-age workers were laid off compared to 14 percent of white workers over the same period.

Small businesses have also faced immense difficulties. Fed research found that 80 percent of those surveyed reported a decline in revenue, with two-thirds of those businesses experiencing losses of at least 25 percent.2 A recent Federal Reserve special report looked specifically at the impact on businesses owned by people of color, who reported greater challenges. For example, 67 percent of both Asian- and Black-owned firms and 63 percent of Hispanic-owned firms had to reduce their operations compared to 54 percent for their white counterparts.3

Our upcoming SHED report notes that 22 percent of parents were either not working or working less because of disruptions to childcare or in-person schooling. Black and Hispanic mothers—36 percent and 30 percent, respectively—were disproportionately affected. In a similar vein, labor force participation declined around 4 percentage points for Black and Hispanic women compared to 1.6 percentage points for white women and about 2 percentage points for men overall.4 The Fed is focused on these long-standing disparities because they weigh on the productive capacity of our economy. We will only reach our full potential when everyone can contribute to, and share in, the benefits of prosperity.

Achieving broadly shared prosperity will take action from across society, from fiscal and other government policy to private-sector initiatives to the work everyone here does. The Fed can contribute as well. Using our monetary policy tools, the Fed promotes maximum employment and price stability—two foundations of a strong, stable economy that can improve economic outcomes for all Americans. We view maximum employment as a broad and inclusive goal. Those who have historically been left behind stand the best chance of prospering in a strong economy with plentiful job opportunities. Our recent history highlights both the benefits of a strong economy and the severe costs of a weak one.

Supervisory tools also have a role to play. As part of our policy responsibilities, the Board of Governors enforces both the Fair Housing Act and the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, the federal fair lending laws that prohibit discrimination in lending. Violations of the fair lending laws, along with other illegal credit practices, are taken into account during bank evaluations under the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA). We see our robust supervisory approach as critical to addressing racial discrimination, which can limit consumers’ ability to improve their economic circumstances, including through access to homeownership and education.

The Fed’s community development function plays a role as well, studying what works, convening stakeholders on both the national and District level, and helping financial institutions find opportunities to invest and expand credit opportunities in low- and moderate-income communities.

The economic landscape has changed, and efforts to provide access and credit to communities must change with it. Last year, the Fed issued a proposal for a strengthened, modernized CRA framework, with the objective of building broad support among both external stakeholders and participating agencies. Our goal is to strengthen the core purpose of meeting the credit needs of low- and moderate-income communities. We especially appreciated NCRC’s feedback on the proposal.

We will continue to do our part, and we appreciate the ways our work and that of NCRC members have intersected. Last April, for instance, the Fed expanded the Paycheck Protection Program Liquidity Facility in order to broaden its reach to include some nondepository lenders. That included CDFI (community development financial institution) loan funds, which many of the people here represent. Your work provided small businesses with invaluable technical assistance to help them weather the downturn, and you have helped them get the funds they need to support their businesses.

NCRC member groups have contributed in so many ways. You helped workers who lost their jobs get retrained. You supported working parents. You helped homeowners struggling with payments and connected renters to federal assistance programs. You brought more people into the banking system, helped strengthen financial literacy and capabilities, and worked to address digital divides in areas of need—particularly in rural communities—at a time when connectivity is essential.

I would like to close by saying thank you. You have been working hard through this crisis, and an enormous amount of work still lies ahead. But what you do is essential. You provide an invaluable service: You make people’s lives better. There is no higher calling.

Thank you.” — Jerome Powell, 3 May 2021

Interbank Market News Scan: France takes a closer look at Apple, Google as payment systems, platforms …

Foreign currency exchange rates of interest …

Currency PairsRates as of 10:28 am EST 28 April 2021Rates as of 9:13 am EST 29 April 2021Increase/decrease in pips
EUR/USD1.18771.1877No change
GBP/USD1.38961.3831-65
USD/CAD1.25461.2551+5
AUD/USD0.76130.7625+12
USD/JPY110.6250110.0830-5,420
USD/NOK8.51948.5035-159
USD/CHF0.92950.9135-160
USD/SEK8.71668.7177+11
USD/MEX20.257120.2571No change
USD/XCD2.70002.7000No change
USD/JMD147.1020145.180-19,220
USD/DOP56.157556.1575No change
USD/HTG79.338283.8141+44,759
USD/BSD1.00001.0000No change
Source: OANDA

News links you should be following …

Payment systems. The Bank of Thailand (BoT) and the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) today launched the linkage of Thailand’s PromptPay and Singapore’s PayNow real-time retail payment systems. In a joint statement, the BoT and MAS said the linkage, the first of its kind globally, will enable customers of participating banks in Thailand and Singapore to transfer funds of up to S$1,000 or 25,000 baht daily across the two countries, using just a mobile number. Thailand, Singapore launch world’s first linkage of real-time payment systems | The Edge Markets

Payment systems. The launch of Saudi Arabia’s first instant payments system is another step towards the kingdom’s ambitious proposals to have a 70 percent cashless society as part of the Saudi’s Vision 2030, according to Takreem El-Tohamy, general manager, IBM Middle East and Africa. Saudi launches instant payment system in drive towards cashless society – Arabianbusiness

Payment systems. Embracing new payment rails, and enhancing the value of existing ones, remains a key part of promoting overall payment innovation. But as real-time payment networks proliferate, a new challenge is on the rise: enabling interoperability between these rails on both a domestic and international scale. Real-Time Payments Seek Interoperability | PYMNTS.com

Payment systems. Digital payment services developed by U.S. tech giants such as Apple and Alphabet’s Google risk reinforcing their market power by giving them greater sway over consumers’ data, France’s antitrust authority said on Thursday. French watchdog warns of big tech’s sway over payment services (yahoo.com)

Payment systems. The government is committed to implementing the electronic wages or “e-wages” system as soon as possible to ensure employees get paid in “real-time”, following the wake of the apparent suicide of a foreign worker several weeks ago over allegations of unpaid wages. HR minister vows e-wages system to ensure ’real-time’ payment, after employee’s death (msn.com)

Central banks. Cryptocurrencies aren’t going anywhere in the coming years, but their usage will probably decline when central bank digital currencies (CBDCs) are eventually rolled out, according to Deutsche Bank International Private Bank. Cryptocurrencies will survive the rise of central bank-backed digital coins, but their use will likely decline, Deutsche Bank says | Currency News | Financial and Business News | Markets Insider (businessinsider.com)

Central banks. Central bank digital cash could give new types of businesses access to ultra-cheap central bank funding and lessen the role of big banks in settling large transfers, a senior Bank of France official said on Thursday. Central bank e-cash could ‘challenge’ role of big banks, Bank of France says | Reuters

Cryptocurrency, ether, bitcoin. Ether hit an all-time high Thursday as bitcoin’s dominance of the cryptocurrency market declined. The world’s second-largest digital currency by market value surged to a fresh record of $2,774 Thursday morning, according to data from Coin Metrics. Bitcoin, the top digital coin, was slightly lower at a price of $54,471. Digital currency ether hits a record high, stealing bitcoin’s limelight (msn.com)

Interbank Market News Scan: Awaiting the Fed; Central banks consider or start their asset purchase taper as they increase interest in central bank digital currencies …

Foreign currency exchange rates of interest …

Currency PairsRates as of 6:20 am EST 27 April 2021Rates as of 10:28 am EST 28 April 2021Increase/decrease in pips
EUR/USD1.18971.1877-20
GBP/USD1.38551.3896+41
USD/CAD1.25681.2546-22
AUD/USD0.76130.7613No change
USD/JPY110.6250110.6250No change
USD/NOK8.51868.5194+8
USD/CHF0.94210.9295-126
USD/SEK8.71668.7166No change
USD/MEX20.295320.2571-382
USD/XCD2.70002.7000No change
USD/JMD145.1800147.1020+19,220
USD/DOP56.316456.1575-1,589
USD/HTG79.085979.3382+2,523
USD/BSD1.00001.0000No change
Source: OANDA

News links you should be following …

Payment systems. SIBS actively pursues its contribution to payments digitization on a global scale with the development and operationalization of a new payments platform in the African continent, supporting the national payment system of São Tomé and Príncipe. Sibs to launch payments system in São Tomé and Príncipe (finextra.com)

Payment systems. Jim Aramanda, president and CEO of The Clearing House, explains why the RTP (Real-Time Payments) network is the payments system built for the 21st-century digital economy. In this excerpt from The Connected Economy’s Power Source – CEO Edition, Aramanda shares his insights on the growing need for financial inclusion and greater payments control for consumers. 21st-Century Payments System For Digital Economy | PYMNTS.com

Central banks. The Bank of Canada set the taper ball rolling last week, becoming the first major central bank to cut back on pandemic-era money-printing stimulus programmes. So who’s next? The Great Exit: Central Banks Line up to Taper Emergency Stimulus | Investing News | US News

Central banks. The world’s biggest central banks are revving up work on issuing digital cash, aiming to fend off emerging threats to traditional money and to make payments systems smoother. Explainer: an E-Yuan, Euro or Dollar? Central Banks Get to Grips With Digital Cash | Technology News | US News

Central banks. JPMorgan has created a new company to tackle cross-border payments using blockchain technology with Singapore state-backed fund Temasek and DBS. JPMorgan launches blockchain venture with Temasek for central bank digital currencies – Financial News (fnlondon.com)

Central banks. Egypt’s central bank kept its key interest rates on hold on Wednesday, the bank said in a statement. Egypt’s central bank keeps key interest rates on hold – statement | Reuters

Interbank Market News Scan: Iran finds an end around on US sanctions by providing crypto an underlying economy…

Foreign exchange rates of interest ….

Currency PairsRates as of 4:46 pm EST 26 April 2021Rates as of 6:20 am EST 27 April 2021Increase/decrease in pips
EUR/USD1.18901.1897+7
GBP/USD1.38691.3855-14
USD/CAD1.25681.2568No change
AUD/USD0.76020.7613+11
USD/JPY110.5960110.6250+290
USD/NOK8.52458.5186-59
USD/CHF0.94170.9421+4
USD/SEK8.71778.7166-7
USD/MEX20.284420.2953+109
USD/XCD2.70002.7000No change
USD/JMD144.9940145.1800+1,860
USD/DOP56.316456.3164No change
USD/HTG79.085979.0859No change
USD/BSD1.00001.0000No change
Source: OANDA

News links you should be following …

Payment systems. The share of Russian exports settled in US dollars has dropped below 50%. The decline, recorded in the fourth quarter of 2020, reflects Moscow’s policy of cutting the Russian economy’s reliance on the greenback. Most Russian exports have now kicked reliance on US dollar as payment currency — RT Business News

Payment systems. Amazon is expanding its palm-scanning payment system to a Whole Foods store in Seattle, the company announced Wednesday, the first of many planned rollouts at other locations. Amazon will initially roll out Amazon One at the Whole Foods in Seattle’s Capitol Hill neighborhood, not far from the company’s headquarters, before launching the system at seven Seattle-area Whole Foods in coming months. Amazon is bringing palm-scanning payment system to Whole Foods stores (msn.com)

Payment systems. Business technology company Deluxe (DLX) has agreed to acquire First American Payment Systems for $960 million in cash, the company said in a statement. Deluxe believes that this deal will accelerate the company’s transformation into a leading payments technology company as part of its “One Deluxe” strategy. Deluxe To Buy First American Payment Systems For $960 Mln Cash | Nasdaq

Central banks, Riksbank. Sweden’s central bank kept monetary policy unchanged on Tuesday as expected, vowing to support the economy as long as needed amid uncertainty over the speed of recovery from the effects of the pandemic. Swedish central bank leaves policy unchanged amid COVID uncertainty | Nasdaq

Central banks, Central Bank of Iran. A developing strategy to mitigate the crippling effect of economic sanctions could see cryptocurrencies being used by Iranian firms to pay for imports such as raw materials and electronics. Iran is continuing to explore the potential use of cryptocurrency as a tool for mitigating the devastating impact of economic sanctions imposed by the United States.  Iran’s central bank says officially mined crypto can be used to pay for imports (cointelegraph.com)

Central banks, Riksbank. A period with inflation over the 2% target of the Swedish central bank would not be a big problem, Governor Stefan Ingves said on Tuesday after the central bank kept policy unchanged. Swedish c.bank’s Ingves says not big worry if inflation overshoots (msn.com)

Interbank market news scan: Could banks be relegated to money changers and merchant lending?

Links to follow today …

Banks, yields. Shares of banks and other financial institutions ticked down as Treasury yields remained well below recent highs. Financials Down As Treasury Yields Remain Under Pressure – Financials Roundup | Morningstar

Central banks, digital currency. Wall Street is warming up to the idea that the next big disruptive force on the horizon is central bank digital currencies, even though the Federal Reserve likely remains a few years away from developing its own. https://www.cnbc.com/2021/04/19/central-bank-digital-currency-is-the-next-major-financial-disruptor.html

Central banks, economy. The aggressive rebound in global economic growth still isn’t enough for most of the world’s central banks to pull back on their emergency stimulus. https://finance.yahoo.com/news/robust-rebound-won-t-augur-230100088.html?guccounter=1&guce_referrer=aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cuZ29vZ2xlLmNvbS8&guce_referrer_sig=AQAAANIO_W4fWKspPdO0lmCF0BtRtybmUhLQrCrS7IiHsU3ox1D7lAQb3Wr7TRZVJl15aCZ4xuL-XKYMkGxjA9ibNTxZoMNfYd4a7dwMtWJG6VTw9RAdKO8fNl33Lu9oNBs6ZyOcLW0nqTwH9A17TmPzaaGMMUFN9VmVdSnCPC9aRR6X

Central banks, economy, pandemic. With a policy change pretty much off the table this week, European Central Bank watchers will have to closely monitor finer details about its pandemic stimulus program as policymakers wait for more data before taking decisive action. https://www.cnbc.com/2021/04/21/european-central-bank-meets-as-covid-lockdowns-complicate-recovery.html

The market opening. The rates to start your day ….

As of 9:40 am EST, Bloomberg reports that the yield on the three-month Treasury note is at 0.03% while the two-year note comes in at 0.15%. The ten-year and thirty-year Treasurys are trading at 1.56% and 2.25%, respectively.

The Federal Funds rate, the rate at which banks lend to each other overnight in support of their reserve requirements, is at .07%, while the Fed Funds target rate is still at .25%. The prime lending rate is 3.25%.

Exchange rates of interest as of 9:55 am EST….

Currency PairsRates as of 9:55 am EST 21 April 2021
EUR/USD1.2024
GBP/USD1.3891
USD/CAD1.2629
CAD/XCD2.1462
USD/XCD2.7000
USD/TTD6.6721
USD/BBD2.0000
CAD/TTD5.3012
CAD/BBD1.5986
Source: OANDA

The Opening Takeaway: Could banks become mere currency agents?

Yesterday I shared my expectations on the possibility of the Federal Reserve, the US Treasury, and other central banks and finance ministries prohibiting cryptocurrency as a medium of exchange. Using the policy rationale of the government being the sole issuer of currency, cryptocurrency issuers may find themselves limited to generating digital assets for sale as investments or safe havens. But what about the banks? What would their role be?

Wall Street appears to be hedging its bets on digital currencies (see second link above) as they prepare for the disruption a central bank issued digital currency could cause. Cryptocurrency exchanges such as Coinbase (Nasdaq: COIN) were receiving big boosts from what appears to be growing acceptance of cryptocurrency as at least a digital asset. Uncertainty in the markets drove capital toward bitcoin and other crypto-assets, making crypto the equivalent of gold in some minds. But with the vaccine rollouts and increases in the number of people, at least in western European countries and the United States on the increase, “risk on” seems to be the quiet rally cry accompanying a pullback in crypto prices. Acompanying the pull back are an increasing number of central banks exploring issuing a digital currency.

One arguable benefit from a central bank issued digital currency is the likelihood of turning more consumers into bank deposit holders. Rather than holding a deposit at a commercial bank, the “unbanked” along with those already holding commercial bank accounts, would have a default account at one of the Federal Reserve’s 12 central banks. yes, more account holders but not necessarily account holders at commercial banks. If the efficiencies promised by a central bank issued digital bank come to fruition, then why bother with holding another account? As part of the payment system, the check I write to and deposit into my son’s account goes through the Federal Reserve’s payment system anyway so why include another middle man? Commercial banks will have to consider these scenarios spawned by digital coin efficiencies when contemplating their new roles.

I see the larger banks easily leveraging their scale to ramp up already existing roles. They could focus more on lending, hopefully in a higher yield environment. They could also lobby for relaxation of Dodd-Frank restrictions on proprietary trading, opening up additional income making opportunities to offset income (if any) made currently from depositors. Large banks will not want to waste investments in their infrastructure by being relegated to mere currency issuer status, competing with check cashing facilities located at Walmart or around the corner at a pawnshop.

For the smaller banks, they will want to leverage their community relationships to counter any new found competition from larger banks as they face the irony of central bank issued digital coin taking away their customers.

Alton Drew

Interbank market news scan: Cryptocurrency advocates moving to bolster their advocacy prowess in DC …

Digital currency. Atlas Organization founder Dr. Jonathan Ward, an expert on Chinese global strategy, discussed how the Biden administration can create competitive policies against China and argued that creating its own digital currency that is controlled by its central bank will “offset” U.S. sanctions, during an interview on FOX Business’ “Mornings with Maria.” China creating own digital currency will ‘offset’ US sanctions: Jonathan Ward | Fox Business

Foreign exchange, digital yuan. The United States’ reliance on economic sanctions to coerce other countries is gradually losing its effectiveness and slowly degrading one of Washington’s most influential tools in international affairs, the power of the U.S. dollar, experts told Newsweek. Sanctions Are Destroying U.S. Dollar’s Status as World’s Top Currency (newsweek.com)

Cryptocurrency. Even as cryptocurrencies steadily gain support on Wall Street, they’re still regarded by regulators as a tool for criminals to conceal shady transactions — posing a challenge to the nascent industry as it seeks to win wider respect. Bitcoin (BTC USD) Cryptocurrency Price News: Industry Forms Lobby to Shed Image – Bloomberg

Digital currency. A cyber yuan gives Beijing power to track spending in real time. Importantly, it’s money that isn’t linked to the dollar-dominated global financial system. Anxiety in the US as China Creates the First Major Digital Currency (thestreet.com)

Foreign exchange, India. Currency exchange rates can turn out to be a real dealbreaker and can cause a dent in an individual’s pocket who is traveling overseas. Even a difference of a few paise while doing currency conversion can make a huge difference in the budget for the trip. It becomes crucial to be aware of the various options while doing currency exchange. Currency Exchange and the related details (msn.com)

Cryptocurrency, Ethereum. Blockchain technology Ethereum has seen its price reach a new all-time high of $2,150 following Visa’s decision to allow cryptocurrency for transactions on its platform. World’s second-biggest cryptocurrency Ethereum hits new high of $2,150 after Visa agrees to allow crypto-payments on its network (msn.com)

Digital currency, Bank of Japan. Japan’s central bank has started trials of a new digital currency in an effort to experiment with how it might be used, the Bank of Japan announced on Monday. The announcement comes after the Chinese government revealed it was doing something very similar with a digital yuan in early March. Japan’s Central Bank Launches One-Year Test of Digital Currency (gizmodo.com)

Currency PairsRates as of 2:30 pm 6 April 2021
EUR/USD1.1853
AUD/USD0.7661
GBP/USD1.3809
USD/JPY109.8700
NZD/USD0.7044
USD/CHF0.9322
USD/NOK8.5005
USD/SEK8.6312
USD/CAD1.2553
  
Selected Rates 
Fed Funds.07
Bank prime rate3.25
Discount window.25
2-yr Treasury.16
10-yr Treasury1.65
30-yr2.31
Source: Bloomberg, Reuters

Interbank market news scan: Fed chair opines on necessity for an improved payments system and testing central bank digital currencies…

The Takeaway: Soon after issuing a statement on the fed funds rate and how warranted attention paid to rising yields should be, Federal Reserve Board chairman Jerome Powell remarked today about the need to further strengthen the global payments system with emphasis on its cross border nature. Mr Powell also provided an update on the testing of central bank digital currencies. Stakeholders in the payments system may want to pay attention to how intermediaries are treated in a central bank digital currency regime.

To see what we’re following, follow the links …

Crypto Exchanges: “Bitcoin is the most talked about cryptocurrency but Ethereum [the blockchain] has more features, including being more flexible” in its hosting of decentralized finance (DeFi) than the Bitcoin blockchain, according to Bank of America. Bank of America Sees DeFi ‘Potentially More Disruptive Than Bitcoin’ – CoinDesk

Decentralized Finance: Reputation-based lending is coming to decentralized finance (DeFi) next month with the release of Maple Finance’s “Pool Delegates” lending suite. Maple Finance Raises $1.4M for Its Reputation-Based DeFi Lending Platform (yahoo.com)

Crypto Exchanges: A number of venture capital giants have completed a financing round for Ethereum-based volatility and derivatives protocol Volmex Finance. Volatility derivatives project Volmex Finance attracts backing from VC giants (cointelegraph.com)

Crypto Prices: Bitcoin’s (BTC) price slid Thursday, retreating along with U.S. stocks and oil prices as U.S. Treasury yields touched some of the highest levels in a year. https://www.coindesk.com/market-wrap-bitcoin-loses-steam-60k-bond-yields

Yields: Rising U.S. bond yields will not hurt Asia’s emerging markets as badly as they did during the “taper tantrum” eight years ago, according to a report by S&P Global Ratings. https://www.cnbc.com/2021/03/18/asias-emerging-economies-can-withstand-rising-us-yields-says-sp.html

Central Banks: Both of the Federal Reserve and the Bank of England vowed to keep liquidity plentiful and not to taper support in the face of rising inflation until they see prolonged signs of an economic recovery. The FOMC served up a surprise with the majority of the dots flat through 2023. Both USD and GBP fell sharply after their respective central banks’ decisions before later stabilizing. Fed, BoE step back, yields push up (fxstreet.com)

Payments System: Federal Reserve chairman Jerome Powell offers remarks on improving the payments system. Closing remarks by Chair Powell at a conference hosted by the Committee on Payments and Market Infrastructures – Federal Reserve Board

Currency pairs that include top countries with foreign direct investment in the US …

The majority of foreign direct investment in the United States is held by Japan, the United Kingdom, Canada, the Netherlands, Germany, France, and Luxembourg. Since the Biden administration has taken office, the dollar-yen and dollar-euro have seen appreciation (4.9% and 1.5%, respectively), while the dollar-pound and the dollar-loonie have fallen, 2.4% and 2.3%, respectively.

Currency pair20 January 202119 March 2021Percentage change
USD/JPY103.9300108.99004.9
USD/GBP0.73450.7170-2.4
USD/CAD1.27311.2433-2.3
USD/EUR (1)0.82540.83741.5
Source: OANDA (1) The euro is the currency of France, German, and Luxembourg

18 March 2021, 9:46 pm EST

Interbank market news scan: Will Ripple, XRP facilitate development of central bank digital currencies?

Bitcoin and Ethereum exchange rates as of 10 March 2021, 5:30 am EST

ETH/USD: 1,818.90 BTC/USD: 53,961.00

ETH/EUR: 1,530.63 BTC/EUR: 45,408.90

ETH/GBP: 1,311.22 BTC/GBP: 38,899.80

ETH/AUD: 2,365.32 BTC/AUD: 70,171.70

ETH/CHF: 1,695.32 BTC/CHF: 50,294.90

ETH/JPY: 197,890.00 BTC/JPY: 5,870,770.00

ETH/CNY: 11,848.20 BTC/CNY: 351,500.00

Source: OANDA

For what I am following, follow the links …

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has announced a scheme that seeks to boost international remittances as well as to encourage the use of official corridors when retrieving funds. The CBN’s move to incentivise recipients follows the plummeting of the country’s official remittances inflows as recipients opt for non-traditional corridors such as cryptocurrencies. Nigeria to Pay 1.2 Cents for Each Dollar Remitted to the Country to Combat Cryptocurrency Use – Emerging Markets Bitcoin News

The worldwide cryptocurrency market size is anticipated to arrive at USD 1,758.0 million by 2027, displaying a CAGR of 11.2% during the estimated time frame. The developing tendency of people in created nations towards virtual cash trade strategies will immensely affect the market during the gauge time frame. Cryptocurrency Market to Expand with Increasing Internet Penetration, says Fortune Business Insights (yahoo.com)

Banque de France, the central bank of France, has reportedly discussed XRP and Ripple for the launch of a central bank digital currency (CBDC). The central bank is planning to prefer XRP over Bitcoin and Ethereum. Bank of France, Likely to Prefer XRP over Bitcoin and Ethereum | Finance Magnates

Bitcoin’s value surpassed $1 trillion on Tuesday as the price of the cryptocurrency jumped. Bitcoin (BTC) value exceeds $1 trillion for second time (cnbc.com)

10 March 2021

Interbank market scan: Ether makes headway ahead of Bitcoin …

Follow the links …

Ethereum blockchain developers approved one of the biggest changes to the network since its inception in 2015, a shift that could spur even bigger gains in the price of its native cryptocurrency Ether. Crypto Coin Outperforming Bitcoin Is About to See Supply Reduced – Bloomberg

With expectations for inflation and growth taking flight, traders are signaling that they anticipate the Fed may have to respond more quickly than it’s indicated. Eurodollar futures now reflect a quarter-point hike in the first quarter of 2023, but they’re starting to suggest that it could come in late 2022. Fed officials have projected they’d keep rates near zero until at least the end of 2023. Bond Traders Go All-In on U.S. Treasury Market’s Big Short Bet – Bloomberg

Central banks helped save the world economy from depression as the pandemic struck. Now they are dealing with the hard part: managing the recovery amid a difference of opinion with investors. Central Banks Face Jumpy Bond Market With 10 Days of Decisions (yahoo.com)

Earlier, there was an impression that it was due to pent-up and festival demand. But now, it is genuine demand that is visible. The vaccination drive is giving greater confidence to consumers, so the demand is expected to sustain. The only downside risk is the recent spike in the number of Covid cases in certain parts of the country. Central banks in no rush to raise rates, will back growth: Shaktikanta Das (msn.com)

But I think we have to scratch a little bit below the surface, and what you will find is that despite the good news, which is predominantly in the US and in China, this is still a very incomplete recovery globally. What you see is yes, the US and China will have complete recoveries, but the global economy despite this improved outlook is still going to be about 4 percentage points below the pre-pandemic path, which is great. Now that fiscal policy has come to forefront, central banks need to step back a little: Sajjid Z Chinoy (msn.com)

What is the DYX Index? What Is The DXY Index? (yahoo.com)

7 March 2021