Interbank, Bank for International Settlements. Eddie Yue makes argument for closing the trade finance gap with better connectivity between digital finance platforms. Source: Bank for International Settlements. https://www.bis.org/review/r220126a.htm
Bank of International Settlements. Today, the Bank of International Settlements released a paper on virtual banking providing insights on the use of information capital as a substitute for tangible capital. The paper argues that information capital, comprised of an enterprise’s or individual’s digital data footprint, can be used as collateral for obtaining credit, thus increasing access to credit by small and medium businesses and low income individuals.
While the paper uses the Hong Kong market as a case study, I believe that if US-based banks and fintechs embarked on the same initiative, the following legal issues may arise. Can information capital be used as collateral when borrowing for the purpose of purchasing foreign currencies? Does the use of information capital raise discrimination issues where biases are embeded in the artificial intelligence programming? Are existing laws sufficient for protecting enterprise or individual data privacy where such data is encompassed in information capital used as collateral?
Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Yesterday after the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve announced that it would hold its interbank rate for overnight lending between 0 and .25%, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York announced that the reserve bank’s Open Market Trading Desk would increase its System Open Market Account holding of Treasury securities by at least $20 billion per month and its agency mortgage-backed securities by at least $10 billion per month. This reduced level of purchasing (down from a combined high of $120 billion per month at the beginning of the pandemic) will commence on 14 February 2022.
The link to the New York Fed’s announcement can be found here.
Interbank Market, Pakistan. The rupee held steady against the dollar at Rs176.98 but has been depreciating in value since 1 July 2021. See link to article here.
Remittances, Philippines. Remittances continued to grow in March as more countries eased travel restrictions and reopened borders to foreign workers, the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) reported Monday. Remittances up 4.9% in March (msn.com)
Remittances, Ghana. Remittances from Ghanaians grew by five per cent from $3.39 billion in 2019 to $5.57 billion in 2020, a World Bank report has said. This was in spite of the grim economic outlook presented by the COVID-19 pandemic, which affected people’s earnings and the economies of nations worldwide last year. Remittances From Ghanaians Abroad Increase | Social | Peacefmonline.com
Ghana‘s demand for the US dollar appears to have fallen last week. According to data from OANDA, a foreign exchange brokerage, during the period 1 December to 5 December 2020, the Ghana price of a dollar fell from 5.8456 GHS to 5.8280 GHS (-0.301%).
The Ghana price for the Euro climbed from 7.0123 GHS to 7.0631 GHS (0.724%) between 1 December and 5 December. During the same period, the Ghana price of the British pound also increased 0.106% from 7.8194 GHS to 7.8277 GHS. In addition, the Ghana price of the Chinese yuan (offshore) increased 0.356% from 0.8908 GHS to .8940 GHS.
The Bank of Ghana, the nation’s central bank, reported on 4 December 2020 a mid-range interbank rate for the US dollar of 5.7142 GHS. The interbank rate for the Euro came in at 6.9409 GHS while the interbank rate for the British pound chimed in at 7.7082 GHS.
Ghana’s current policy rate is 14.50%, with an inflation target of 6 to ten percent. The current rate of inflation, according to the Bank of Ghana, is 10.1%. The country’s 91-day Treasury note interest rate is at 13.5937%. Ghana’s interbank interest rate is 13.57%.
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