Interbank Market News Scan: Libor coming to an end. China’s RMB hopes to take out the dollar …

9 July 2021

Foreign exchange rates of interest …

Currency pairExchange rate
USD/XCDXCD 2.70
USD/MXNMXN 20.0188
USD/JMDJMD 148.6230
USD/DOPDOP 56.6164
USD/HTGHTG 92.0194
USD/NGNNGN 411.2120
USD/GHSGHS 5.9153
Source: OANDA

News links of interest …

Interbank. With the end near for the London Interbank Offered Rate (Libor), the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Thursday told banks and other financial institutions to stop using the benchmark as soon as possible and mandatorily by December 31 and move to any Alternative Reference Rates (ARR). https://www.business-standard.com/article/finance/rbi-to-banks-phase-out-libor-soon-move-to-alternative-reference-rates-121070900016_1.html

Interbank. The booming collateralized loan obligation market faces a chaotic end to 2021, when the benchmark London interbank offered rate is retired for new loan contracts. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-07-08/growing-clo-market-has-a-libor-transition-problem-on-horizon?sref=oriheOus Interbank. Sri Lanka’s central bank said it will dip into its foreign exchange reserves to partly repay $1 billion of bonds maturing later this month, seeking to allay investors’ concern about a possible default. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-07-08/sri-lanka-keeps-rate-on-hold-as-focus-shifts-to-debt-repayment?sref=oriheOus

Foreign exchange, China. The following are the central parity rates of the Chinese currency renminbi, or the yuan, against 24 major currencies announced on Friday by the China Foreign Exchange Trade System: Market exchange rates in China — July 9 – Xinhua | English.news.cn (xinhuanet.com)

Foreign exchange. Could the RMB dislodge the dollar as the world’s reserve currency. Could the RMB Dislodge the Dollar As a Reserve Currency? – BRINK – Conversations and Insights on Global Business (brinknews.com)

Cryptocurrency.  Why China wants to undermine Bitcoin. Currency and control: why China wants to undermine bitcoin (msn.com)

Cryptocurrency.  The future is far from stateless. Cryptocurrencies’ dream of escaping the global financial system is crumbling | Quinn Slobodian | The Guardian

Interbank Market News Scan: Eastern Caribbean, foreign exchange …

24 June 2021

Eastern Caribbean Central Bank-interest rates

ECCB Fixed Deposit Rate-1 month0%
ECCB Fixed Deposit Rate-2 months0%
ECCB Fixed Deposit Rate-3 months0%
ECCU (1) Minimum Savings Deposit Rate2%
ECCB Discount Rate2%
Source: Eastern Caribbean Central Bank
  • (1) Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Foreign exchange rates of interest

Where base currency is XCDRates as of 1:15 am AST 24 June 2021Where term currency is XCDRates as of 1:30 am AST 24 June 2021
XCD/EUR0.3103EUR/XCD3.2222
XCD/GBP0.2653GBP/XCD3.7689
XCD/USD0.3704USD/XCD2.7000
XCD/CAD0.4556CAD/XCD2.1946
XCD/NGN151.8860NGN/XCD0.0066
XCD/CNY2.3986CNY/XCD0.4168
XCD/PLN1.4026PLN/XCD0.7122
XCD/PEN1.4509PEN/XCD0.6771
Source: OANDA

Foreign exchange. On 26 May 2021, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine adopted the Resolution adopted a Resolution setting out the procedure the tax authority should use to fine legal entities for violating currency legislation. https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=b6a6e9df-ddaa-49c7-821a-355d5b0cf097

Foreign exchange. The U.S. dollar vacillated below an 11-week high versus major peers on Thursday as traders attempted to navigate conflicting signals from Federal Reserve officials on the timing of a withdrawal of monetary stimulus. https://www.cnbc.com/2021/06/24/forex-markets-dollar-us-federal-reserve.html

Interbank. Flour millers in Nigeria are turning to the street market for dollars to buy wheat after the central bank restricted the use of the U.S. currency to buy grain imports, according to the country’s third-largest operator. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-06-23/nigeria-flour-millers-squeezed-by-central-bank-ban-on-imports?sref=oriheOus

Interbank. The overnight Shanghai Interbank Offered Rate (Shibor), which measures the borrowing cost of China‘s interbank market, decreased 9.3 basis points to 2.208 percent Wednesday. http://www.china.org.cn/china/Off_the_Wire/2021-06/23/content_77581796.htm Interbank. China’s central bank boosted its short-term cash injection for the first time since March as it sought to cater to a growing demand for liquidity while keeping leverage in check. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-06-24/china-lifts-short-term-cash-injection-for-first-time-since-march?sref=oriheOus

Interbank Market News Scan: Eastern Caribbean, foreign exchange …

10 June 2021

Eastern Caribbean Securities Exchange

Today, the Eastern Caribbean Securities Exchange reported that the following securities were exchanged on 9 June 2021:

800 East Caribbean Financial Holding Company Ltd shares traded at $4.00 per share, falling $.48, or 10.71%, from its previous price;

3,500 S.L. Horsford & Company Ltd shares traded at $2.00 per share with no change from yesterday’s price;

1,298 TDC shares traded at $1.25 per share, down 3.85% from its previous price; and

80 shares of Cable & Wireless St.Kitts & Nevis Ltd traded odd lot at $3.65 per share.

 On the Regional Government Securities Market, the Government of Antigua and Barbuda’s 365-day Treasury bill auction raised $10 million with a discount rate of 4.30622%.

Scheduled for today, the Government of the Commonwealth of Dominica is expected to auction 91-day Treasury bills at EC$20 million at a maximum rate of 5%.

Source: Eastern Caribbean Securities Exchange

Eastern Caribbean Central Bank

The Eastern Caribbean Central Bank recently announced that DCash, the digital version of the Eastern Caribbean dollar (EC), is set to go live in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines by the end of June.  According to the ECCB:

“The immediate objective of launching DCash in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is to allow for the exchange of DCash for physical cash via the DCash Merchant-Teller network. These authorised entities will facilitate DCash to physical cash exchanges, thereby allowing faster, safer and cheaper cross-border person-to-person remittances. Emphasis will also be placed on establishing the DCash merchant network with focus on getting essential service providers DCash-ready. In addition, other DCash users will be able to send funds directly to users in SVG.”

Since 31 March 2021, the countries of St.Kitts-Nevis, St. Lucia, Antigua and Barbuda, and Grenada, have been using DCash.

Source: Eastern Caribbean Central Bank

European Central Bank

Today, the European Central Bank reported no change in its accommodative approach to stimulating the European economy.  The ECB will maintain the rates for its main refinancing operations at 0%; its marginal lending facility at .25%; and its deposit facility at -.50%. 

The ECB indicated in its statement that there will be acceleration of asset purchases under the Pandemic Emergency Purchase Programme (PEPP) at a total of EUR1,850 billion through March 2022.  The ECB hopes to balance purchase of assets and reinvestment of proceeds from the assets in such a way as to move as close to a two percent inflation point without exceeding that level.  Net monthly purchases under PEPP are expected to be maintained at EUR 20 billion through 2022.   

Source: European Central Bank

Foreign exchange rates of interest…. 

Source: OANDA

Currency PairsRates as of 11:30 am AST 10 June 2021Rates as of 10 June 2020Change in rates
XCD/EUR0.30400.3275(7.2%)
XCD/GBP0.26180.2915(10.2%)
XCD/USD0.37040.3704flat
XCD/CAD0.44810.4970(9.8%)
XCD/NGN152.4650143.05106.6%
XCD/CNY2.36632.6215(9.7%)
XCD/PLN1.35671.4530(6.6%)
XCD/PEN1.44281.257714.7%

Interbank Market News Scan: Remittances, foreign exchange; Africa sees average cost of remittances at 8.2% …

Foreign exchange rates of interest…

Currency PairsRates as of 8:13 am EST 17 May 2021
USD/AOA652.8280
USD/GMD50.9478
USD/GHS5.7535
USD/NGN379.9410
USD/KES108.0900
USD/SLL10134.0000
USD/RWF979.3480
USD/ZAR14.1119
USD/MZN58.3200
Source: OANDA

Links to follow …

Remittances. According to the bank’s latest Migration and Development Brief, officially recorded remittance flows to low- and middle-income countries reached US$540 billion in 2020, 1.6 per cent below the 2019 total of US$548 billion. Remittance flows remained strong during COVID-19 in 2020, says World Bank (jamaicaobserver.com)

Remittances, Philippines. Remittances continued to grow in March as more countries eased travel restrictions and reopened borders to foreign workers, the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) reported Monday. Remittances up 4.9% in March (msn.com)

Remittances, Ghana. Remittances from Ghanaians grew by five per cent from $3.39 billion in 2019 to $5.57 billion in 2020, a World Bank report has said.
This was in spite of the grim economic outlook presented by the COVID-19 pandemic, which affected people’s earnings and the economies of nations worldwide last year. Remittances From Ghanaians Abroad Increase | Social | Peacefmonline.com

Remittances, Nigeria. Pan-African credit rating agency, Agusto & Co has projected that Nigeria’s diaspora remittances will reach $22 billion by 2021, representing a year-on-year (y-o-y) rise of five per cent. Agusto & Co Forecasts $22bn Diaspora Remittances for Nigeria in 2021 | THISDAYLIVE

Remittances, Kenya. Kenya is targetting to collect at least Sh700 billion from over four million Kenyans working abroad, Labour Cabinet Secretary Simon Chelugui has said. Kenya targets Sh700 billion in diaspora remittances annually (the-star.co.ke)

Interbank market news scan: Australian central bank wants to see a tighter labor market …

Follow the links …

Australia’s central bank believes it will take a significant and sustained tightening in the labor market to lift inflation to more comfortable levels, a tough task that could take years to achieve. Australia’s central bank says tighter labor market will lift inflation (cnbc.com)

A body representing cryptocurrency and blockchain stakeholders in Nigeria has joined other crypto industry players in assailing the recent Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) directive to banks. The CBN order, which seeks snuff out crypto entities from the banking system, took effect on February 5, 2020. Nigeria Crypto Ban: Stakeholder Body, Politicians Assail Central Bank’s Directive to Financial Institutions – Emerging Markets Bitcoin News

Indonesia’s central bank is seen trimming its benchmark rate for the first time this year on Thursday, on top of the five rate cuts it has delivered since the start of the coronavirus pandemic, according to a majority of analysts in a Reuters poll. Indonesia’s central bank seen making this year’s first rate cut | The Star

As cryptocurrencies increasingly go mainstream, pressure is growing on the world’s biggest central banks to move forward with their plans to issue digital cash and fend off private sector threats to traditional money. Bitcoin’s mainstream charge raises stakes for central bank digital cash – Technology – Dunya News

Currency pairsExchange Rate as of 4:15 pm 8 February 2021(1) As of 12:23 am EST Exchange Rate as of 16 February 2021(2)(3)
AUD/USD0.7656 0.7803
USD/CAD1.2781 1.2619
USD/CNY6.4664 6.4542
EUR/USD1.2035 1.2139
USD/INR72.8500 72.6320
GBP/USD1.3714 1.3939
USD/JPY105.4400 105.5800
USD/MXN20.1300 19.9410
USD/DKK6.1785 6.1255
USD/NOK8.5428 8.3658
BTC/USD  45,471.7000
ETH/USD  1,683.8900
Sources: Federal Reserve (1) ; Reuters-exchange rates (2) ; OANDA-cryptocurrency (3)

16 February 2021

Interbank market scan: Lagarde sees holding crypto as “unlikely.” Central Bank of Nigeria explains “no to crypto.” India pursues crypto law

Follow the links …

European Central Bank President Christine Lagarde on Wednesday said she didn’t consider bitcoin to be a real currency, adding that central banks won’t be holding it as reserve currency anytime soon. ECB president Christine Lagarde says it’s ‘very unlikely’ that central banks will hold bitcoin in the near future (msn.com)

Following its ban on cryptocurrency-related transactions in the country, the Central Bank of Nigeria has explained why it was done. CBN  boss disclosed that the digital currency is used for money laundering and terrorism. CBN explains why cryptocurrency transactions were banned (withinnigeria.com)

Kingsley Moghalu, former deputy governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has condemned the apex bank’s reason for stopping cryptocurrency transactions in the country. Moghalu condemns CBN’s reason for banning cryptocurrency transactions (withinnigeria.com)

On Tuesday (February 9), minister of state for finance Anurag Singh Thakur said that a cryptocurrency bill was being finalised and it would be sent to Union Cabinet soon. Cryptocurrency bill: Here’s what you need to know (msn.com)

Are central banks on the verge of a currency war with the U.S? Global central bank interventions raise specter of ‘currency war’ | Morningstar

“Bitcoin needs a couple more big endorsements, and that could be the key to take prices above the $50,000 level,” Edward Moya, senior market analyst for the foreign-exchange broker Oanda, wrote Tuesday.  First Mover: As Wall Street Fixates on Inflation Hedges, Good Luck Finding Bitcoin | Nasdaq

Bitcoin ‘can’t be stopped’: Nigerians look to peer-to-peer exchanges after crypto ban. Some Nigerians plan to continue using bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies despite a directive issued by the Central Bank of Nigeria last week ordering banks to close down accounts associated with cryptocurrencies. First Mover: As Wall Street Fixates on Inflation Hedges, Good Luck Finding Bitcoin | Nasdaq

The Federal Reserve Board on Tuesday announced the second extension of a rule to bolster the effectiveness of the Small Business Administration’s (SBA) Paycheck Protection Program (PPP). Like the earlier extensions, this one will temporarily modify the Board’s rules so that certain bank directors and shareholders can apply to their banks for PPP loans for their small businesses. Federal Reserve Board – Federal Reserve Board announces the second extension of a rule to bolster the effectiveness of the Small Business Administration’s Paycheck Protection Program (PPP)

Currency pairsExchange Rate as of 4:15 pm 8 February 2021 As of 1:00 pm EST Exchange Rate as of 10 February 2021
AUD/USD0.7656 0.7727
USD/CAD1.2781 1.2690
USD/CNY6.4664 6.4576
EUR/USD1.2035 1.2134
USD/INR72.8500 72.8500
GBP/USD1.3714 1.3841
USD/JPY105.4400 104.6600
USD/MXN20.1300 20.0543
USD/DKK6.1785 6.1317
USD/NOK8.5428 8.4504
Sources: Federal Reserve, Reuters

10 February 2021

Interbank market scan: Elon Musk, the market mover; China serious about its digital currency; Central banks, foreign exchange, cryptocurrency

In the news ….

China’s new bank loans are expected to surge to a record high in January on a seasonal boost, a Reuters poll showed, while credit growth may be constrained by some marginal tightening of monetary policy as the central bank focuses on preventing risks. China’s January yuan loans seen at record high, central bank to cool credit growth in 2021: Reuters poll | Reuters

Nigeria’s central bank said it ordered deposit-taking banks and other financial institutions to close accounts dealing in cryptocurrencies because it was threatening the country’s financial system. Nigeria Central Bank Says Cryptocurrencies Were A Threat – Bloomberg

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) issued a five-page statement Sunday clarifying its position on cryptocurrencies after a regulatory warning to local banking institutions on Friday sent shockwaves through social media. Nigerian Central Bank Says Its Ban on Crypto Accounts Is Nothing New | Nasdaq

Beijing and Suzhou will issue a total of 40 million yuan (US$6.2 million) in the latest trials of the nation’s digital currency this week in a bid to boost consumption over the upcoming Lunar New Year holiday. China digital currency: Beijing, Suzhou confirm latest trials as e-yuan tests top 100 million yuan | South China Morning Post (scmp.com)

Tesla and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk thinks crypto could be the future but his choice of token might not be Bitcoin, the dominant cryptocurrency. Elon Musk Hints At ‘Ironic’ Possibility Dogecoin Becomes A ‘Real Currency’ (ibtimes.com)

Hopes for the U.S. economic recovery seem to be transforming the dollar from a haven asset to the risk-on currency of choice. Dollar Morphs Into Risk-On Currency Amid U.S. Growth Hopes – Bloomberg

In making the case for a mammoth $1.9 trillion economic relief package, President Joe Biden and his acolytes had maintained that economists across the board agreed that now is the time to go big in the fight against the pandemic. Well, so much for that. A number of prominent economists and former policy makers — from Democrat Lawrence Summers to Republican Douglas Holtz-Eakin — have raised questions in the past week about the size of the package. So too have some economy watchers in the financial markets. Yellen, Summers Spar About Overheating Risk in Stimulus Plan – Bloomberg

Taiwan penalized Deutsche Bank AG and three other foreign lenders after a probe into speculation on the surging local currency last year involving grain companies. Taiwan Penalizes Deutsche Bank, 3 Others for Currency Trades (msn.com)

8 February 2021, 8:12 am EST

Interbank market scan: Central Banks. Cryptocurrency. Foreign Exchange. A dim jobs report and Biden does not see full employment for ten years ….

Nigeria’s central bank ordered deposit-taking banks and other financial institutions to immediately close accounts transacting in or operating cryptocurrency exchanges, saying such deals are “prohibited.” Nigeria Central Bank Orders Cryptocurrency Accounts to Close (msn.com)

Turkey’s lira hit its strongest level since August on Friday and cemented its position as the top-performing currency in the world this year, after the central bank governor told Reuters that interest rates were unlikely to be cut for a “long time”. Turkish lira jumps as central bank chief says rate cuts long way off | Reuters

A rise in cost of Nigeria’s short-term debt and a weaker naira rate to sell dollars to investors in a month’s time signal that the country’s central bank may devalue the currency for the third time in less than a year. Rising Nigerian Central Bank Yields May Signal Naira Devaluation (msn.com)

Central bank stimulus sustain rally in cryptocurrency. Bitcoin boom backstopped by central banks’ easy-money policies | Financial Times (ft.com)

New governor Naci Agbal does not expect Turkey’s central bank to begin considering cutting interest rates from 17% until much later this year given upward pressure on already high inflation, and rate hikes are still a possibility, he told Reuters. Exclusive: Turkey central bank chief Agbal says no rate cuts for a long time this year | Reuters

The announcement this week that Viviana Taboada and Mauricio Villamizar will join Colombia’s central bank board generated not only confusion over the spelling of Taboada’s first name, but predictions that interest rate cuts may be on the horizon. New Colombia central bank board members may back rate cuts | Nasdaq

Australia’s economic outlook has improved markedly thanks to the successful suppression of the coronavirus, but even under the most optimistic assumptions wage growth and inflation will still be too low by mid-2023, the country’s central bank warned on Friday. Australia central bank sees inflation staying too low even in most optimistic scenario (msn.com)

The announcement this week that Viviana Taboada and Mauricio Villamizar will join Colombia’s central bank board generated not only confusion over the spelling of Taboada’s first name, but predictions that interest rate cuts may be on the horizon. New Colombia central bank board members may back rate cuts | Nasdaq

President Joe Biden ripped the results of the final jobs report of Donald Trump’s presidency, and used the weak job creation to illustrate the urgency of passing his Covid relief package. Biden Rips Last Jobs Report Of Trump Presidency: ‘At That Rate It’s Going To Take 10 Years Before We Get To Full Employment’ (mediaite.com)

Interbank market news scan as of 12:42 pm AST: central banks, cryptocurrencies, foreign exchange

Currency pairsFederal Reserve as of 25 January 2021Reuters as of 25 January 2021Reuters as of 26 January 2021 
AUD/USD0.77280.77130.7754 
USD/CAD1.27111.27511.2695 
USD/CNY6.48106.47846.4636 
EUR/USD1.21791.21381.2166 
USD/INR72.980072.954572.8814 
GBP/USD1.36851.36641.3733 
USD/JPY103.7600103.7600103.7700 
USD/MXN19.925020.110120.0006 
USD/DKK6.10816.12666.1245 
USD/NOK8.48208.54188.5475 
Sources: Federal Reserve, Reuters

The dollar’s strength continues to vary since our post yesterday.  The dollar weakened against the Australian dollar, the Canadian dollar, and the Chinese yuan.  The dollar also weakened against the British pound and the Mexican peso.  It continues to trade flat against the Japanese yen.

In other news …

Bank Indonesia will continue to maintain loose monetary policy until such signs emerge, given that inflation is currently under control, says Perry Warjiyo, the central bank’s governor. Indonesia may see signs of inflation pressure in fourth quarter of 2021: Central bank governor (msn.com)

Brazil‘s central bank does not expect to raise interest rates in the immediate future because of an unusually high degree of economic uncertainty, minutes from its last policy meeting showed on Tuesday, although fiscal risks could prompt it to tighten policy faster than its baseline scenario suggests. Brazil central bank unlikely to raise rates now as economy sputters, minutes show | Nasdaq

Nigeria’s central bank held its benchmark lending rate at 11.5% on Tuesday, governor Godwin Emefiele said at its first interest rate meeting of 2021. Nigeria’s central bank holds benchmark lending rate at 11.5% | Reuters

China’s central bank won’t exit “prematurely” from its supportive monetary policies while at the same time keeping debt risks under control, Governor Yi Gang said. China Central Bank Won’t Exit Prematurely From Stimulus, Yi Says – Bloomberg

No existing cryptocurrency has a structure that is likely to allow it to work as a means of payment over the long term, Bank of England Governor Andrew Bailey told an online forum hosted by the Davos-based World Economic Forum on Monday. Current cryptocurrencies unlikely to last, Bank of England governor says | Reuters

US waits for Senate election results from Georgia; strength of US dollar against European, African currencies a mixed bag …

PairsOANDA as of 4 January 2021OANDA as of 6 January 2021Notes
USD/KES108.391108.461Dollar flat
USD/NGN384.938381.690Dollar weakening
USD/GHS5.85245.85693Dollar flat
USD/CDF1950.611950.01Dollar flat
USD/AOA648.310649.149Dollar flat
USD/ZAR14.630914.8552Dollar strengthening
Source: OANDA

Meanwhile, as the count in Georgia comes to a close, yields on longer term notes begin to increase as the Senate gets closer to a 50-50 split and the likelihood of more spending under a Biden administration ….

RatesFederal Reserve as of 4 January 2021Bloomberg as of 6 January 2021 10:30 am AST
Federal Funds Rate0.090.08
Prime Rate3.253.25
3-month Treasury0.090.08
2-year Treasury0.110.13
10-year Treasury0.931.02
30-year Treasury1.661.78
Source: Federal Reserve, OANDA

And the buzz phrase again mid-week is dollar weakening as exchange rates for a number of foreign exchange pairs continues to fall. This in light of disappointing jobs numbers from ADP where the payroll company determined that 123,000 jobs were lost in December 2020.

PairsFederal Reserve as of 4 January 2021OANDA as of 4 January 2021OANDA as of 6 January 2021 10:45 am AST
GBP/USD1.36621.36331.35967
USD/CAD1.27531.27261.27269
USD/CNH6.52506.45526.43929
USD/DKK6.08396.06576.05823
EUR/USD1.22301.22641.22774
USD/INR73.010072.936773.0696
USD/MXN19.892019.838219.9091
USD/JPY103.1900103.02102.36
USD/NOK8.57578.53008.50760
USD/SEK8.20958.20918.20299
USD/CHF0.88410.88150.87959
Source: OANDA