US waits for Senate election results from Georgia; strength of US dollar against European, African currencies a mixed bag …

PairsOANDA as of 4 January 2021OANDA as of 6 January 2021Notes
USD/KES108.391108.461Dollar flat
USD/NGN384.938381.690Dollar weakening
USD/GHS5.85245.85693Dollar flat
USD/CDF1950.611950.01Dollar flat
USD/AOA648.310649.149Dollar flat
USD/ZAR14.630914.8552Dollar strengthening
Source: OANDA

Meanwhile, as the count in Georgia comes to a close, yields on longer term notes begin to increase as the Senate gets closer to a 50-50 split and the likelihood of more spending under a Biden administration ….

RatesFederal Reserve as of 4 January 2021Bloomberg as of 6 January 2021 10:30 am AST
Federal Funds Rate0.090.08
Prime Rate3.253.25
3-month Treasury0.090.08
2-year Treasury0.110.13
10-year Treasury0.931.02
30-year Treasury1.661.78
Source: Federal Reserve, OANDA

And the buzz phrase again mid-week is dollar weakening as exchange rates for a number of foreign exchange pairs continues to fall. This in light of disappointing jobs numbers from ADP where the payroll company determined that 123,000 jobs were lost in December 2020.

PairsFederal Reserve as of 4 January 2021OANDA as of 4 January 2021OANDA as of 6 January 2021 10:45 am AST
GBP/USD1.36621.36331.35967
USD/CAD1.27531.27261.27269
USD/CNH6.52506.45526.43929
USD/DKK6.08396.06576.05823
EUR/USD1.22301.22641.22774
USD/INR73.010072.936773.0696
USD/MXN19.892019.838219.9091
USD/JPY103.1900103.02102.36
USD/NOK8.57578.53008.50760
USD/SEK8.20958.20918.20299
USD/CHF0.88410.88150.87959
Source: OANDA

Foreign exchange rates. Dollar continues its fall …

Foreign exchange rates of interest as of 9 December 2020, 5:30 pm AST:

How to read the chart:

CAD/USD: If you come to the United States with one Canadian dollar (CAD)and wish to sell it for a US dollar (USD), the market price is .78113 USD.

USD/CAD: If you take a US dollar (USD) to Canada and wish to sell it for a Canadian dollar (CAD), the market price is 1.28002 CAD

INR/USD = 0.01356 USD/INR=73.6386

CAD/USD= 0.78113 USD/CAD= 1.28002

JMD/USD= 0.00682 USD/JMD = 143.631

EUR/USD= 1.21122 USD/EUR = 0.82552

NGN/USD= 0.00260 USD/NGN = 379.723

CNH/USD= 0.15338 USD/CNH = 6.51859

JPY/USD = 0.00961 USD/JPY = 104.09

Source: OANDA

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Nigeria price of the US dollar falls versus other currencies.

According to data from OANDA, a foreign exchange brokerage, for the period 1 December to 5 December 2020, the Nigeria price of the US dollar fell 0.060% from 378.373 NGN to 378.145 NGN. The Nigeria price for the euro, British pound, and the yuan saw increases, however. The Nigeria price of the euro increased from 453.889 NGN to 458.285 NGN (0.969%) while the Nigeria price of the British pound increased from 506.130 NGN to 507.890 NGN (0.348%)

During the same period, the Nigeria price of the China’s yuan increased from 57.6594 NGN to 58.0075 NGN (0.604%).

As of 3 December 2020, the Bank of Nigeria reported that its interbank mid-range foreign exchange rate for the U.S dollar was 379.50 NGN while the interbank exchange rate for the euro came in at 460.375 NGN and the price for the British pound was 509.9342 NGN. Meanwhile the interbank foreign exchange rate for the Chinese yuan came in at 57.9137 NGN.

Nigeria’s interbank interest rate as of 2 December 2020 is .50.

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Foreign exchange rates in Bezos’ Africa play …

Last November, it was reported that Jeff Bezos, via his personal venture capital fund, would be investing in the Uganda-based financial technology firm Chipper Cash. In an effort to monitor the progress of capital flows into African countries within Chipper Cash’s footprint, we are beginning a series of blog posts documenting foreign exchange rates in these countries.

As of 8:24 am AST 4 December 2020, here are the exchange rates with Ghana, Uganda, Nigeria, Tanzania, Rwanda, South Africa, and Kenya based on the U.S. dollar.

GHS/USD=0.17061 USD/GHS=5.82987

UGX/USD=0.00027 USD/UGX=3,668.06

NGN/USD=0.00262 USD/NGN=377.448

TZS/USD=0.00043 USD/TZS=2308.76

RWF/USD=0.00100 USD/RWF=974.557

ZAR/USD=0.06551 USD/ZAR=15.2518

KES/USD=0.00895 USD/KES=110.008

Source: OANDA

Legal/Political events impacting African currencies:

U.S. releases jobs report today

The U.S. Department of Labor today will release its jobs situation report which is expected to provide the U.S. and its trading partners with insights into the spending power of Americans. More individuals entering the labor market along with increases in wages should provide African nations trading with the U.S. a gauge on the capacity of the American consumer.

10:34 am AST 19 November 2020, Foreign exchange rates between U.S. and select countries in East Africa, West Africa, the Caribbean, and Asia

As of 10:34 am AST, 19 November 2020:

How to read the chart:

CAD/USD: If you come to the United States with one Canadian dollar (CAD)and wish to sell it for a US dollar (USD), the market price is .76449 USD.

USD/CAD: If you take a US dollar (USD) to Canada and wish to sell it for a Canadian dollar (CAD), the market price is 1.30788 CAD

CAD/USD=0.76449   USD/CAD=1.30788

CNH/USD= 0.15260   USD/CNH=6.55179

EUR/USD= 1.18658   USD/EUR=0.84266

DKK/USD =0.15926    USD/DKK=6.27767

NGN/USD= 0.00261    USD/NGN=380.196

JPY/USD=0.00962     USD/JPY=103.91

INR/USD=0.01347       USD/INR=74.1356

JMD/USD=0.00672     USD/JMD=145.831

GYD/USD=0.00469       USD/GYD= 204.981

GHS/USD=0.17095     USD/GHS= 5.80919

XCD/USD=0.37037        USD/XCD= 2.70

KES/USD = 0.00906       USD/KES= 108.367

Source: OANDA

Major political/legal event in the United States

Yesterday, the U.S. Department of the Treasury released the following:

The U.S. Treasury Department and Internal Revenue Service (IRS) released guidance today clarifying the tax treatment of expenses where a Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) loan has not been forgiven by the end of the year the loan was received. 

Since businesses are not taxed on the proceeds of a forgiven PPP loan, the expenses are not deductible. This results in neither a tax benefit nor tax harm since the taxpayer has not paid anything out of pocket.

If a business reasonably believes that a PPP loan will be forgiven in the future, expenses related to the loan are not deductible, whether the business has filed for forgiveness or not.  Therefore, we encourage businesses to file for forgiveness as soon as possible.

In the case where a PPP loan was expected to be forgiven, and it is not, businesses will be able to deduct those expenses. 

“Today’s guidance provides taxpayers with greater clarity and flexibility,” said Secretary Steven T. Mnuchin.  “These provisions ensure that all small businesses receiving PPP loans are treated fairly, and we continue to encourage borrowers to file for loan forgiveness as quickly as possible.”

Source: U.S. Department of the Treasury

11:02 pm 15 November 2020, Foreign exchange rates between U.S. and select countries in East Africa, West Africa, the Caribbean, and Asia

As of 11:02 pm EST, 15 November 2020:

How to read the chart:

CAD/USD: If you come to the United States with one Canadian dollar (CAD)and wish to sell it for a US dollar (USD), the market price is .76105 USD.

USD/CAD: If you take a US dollar (USD) to Canada and wish to sell it for a Canadian dollar (CAD), the market price is 1.31301 CAD

CAD/USD=0.76105   USD/CAD=1.31301

CNH/USD= 0.15159   USD/CNH=6.59332

EUR/USD= 1.18326   USD/EUR=0.84472

DKK/USD =0.15884     USD/DKK=6.29161

NGN/USD= 0.00261    USD/NGN=377.495

JPY/USD=0.00955      USD/JPY=104.59

INR/USD=0.01340       USD/INR=74.3780

JMD/USD=0.00672     USD/JMD=145.859

GYD/USD=0.00469       USD/GYD= 204.822

GHS/USD=0.17046     USD/GHS= 5.81740

XCD/USD=0.37037        USD/XCD= 2.70

KES/USD = 0.00909       USD/KES= 108.341

Source: OANDA

Major political/legal event in the United States

Reuters reporting that President Donald J. Trump has yet to concede the presidential election to presumptive president-elect Joseph R. Biden.  Over the weekend President Trump appeared to conceded the election to the former vice-president but has since backtracked vowing to continue on with a number of state court challenges to the election.

Source: Reuters

12:59 pm 10 November 2020; Foreign exchange rates between U.S. and select countries in East Africa, West Africa, the Caribbean, and Asia

As of 12:59 pm EST, 10 November 2020:

How to read the chart:

CAD/USD: If you come to the United States with one Canadian dollar (CAD)and wish to sell it for a US dollar (USD), the market price is .76934 USD.

USD/CAD: If you take a US dollar (USD) to Canada and wish to sell it for a Canadian dollar (CAD), the market price is 1.29964 CAD

CAD/USD=0.76934   USD/CAD=1.29964

CNH/USD= 0.15178   USD/CNH=6.58714

EUR/USD= 1.18614    USD/EUR=0.84297

DKK/USD =0.15921     USD/DKK=6.27914

NGN/USD= 0.00261    USD/NGN=381.557

JPY/USD=0.00958       USD/JPY=104.36

INR/USD=0.01352       USD/INR=73.8335

JMD/USD=0.00674      USD/JMD=145.335

GYD/USD=0.00478       USD/GYD= 209.215

GHS/USD=0.17142       USD/GHS= 5.82570

XCD/USD=0.37037        USD/XCD= 2.70

KES/USD = 0.00910       USD/KES= 107.944

Source: OANDA

Major political/legal event in the United States

Yesterday, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York’s Center for Microeconomic Data released the October 2020 Survey of Consumer Expectations, which shows a decline in income and spending growth expectations. Changes in labor market expectations were mixed showing declines in both average job loss and job finding expectations. Median inflation expectations declined at the short-term horizon, while remaining unchanged at the medium-term horizon. Uncertainty and disagreement about future inflation decreased slightly but remained at an elevated level.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Biden starts transition plans: Foreign exchange rates between U.S. and select countries in East Africa, West Africa, the Caribbean, and Asia

As of 11:11 am EST, 9 November 2020:

How to read the chart:

CAD/USD: If you come to the United States with one Canadian dollar (CAD)and wish to sell it for a US dollar (USD), the market price is .76559 USD.

USD/CAD: If you take a US dollar (USD) to Canada and wish to sell it for a Canadian dollar (CAD), the market price is 1.30530 CAD

CAD/USD=0.76559   USD/CAD=1.30530

CNH/USD= 0.15166   USD/CNH=6.58901

EUR/USD= 1.18728    USD/EUR=0.84194

DKK/USD =0.15925     USD/DKK=6.27257

NGN/USD= 0.00261    USD/NGN=381.500

JPY/USD=0.00967       USD/JPY=103.34

INR/USD=0.01350       USD/INR=73.8010

JMD/USD=0.00675      USD/JMD=145.128

GYD/USD=0.00478       USD/GYD= 209.215

GHS/USD=0.17141       USD/GHS= 5.82600

XCD/USD=0.37037        USD/XCD= 2.70

KES/USD = 0.00909       USD/KES= 108.121

Source: OANDA

Major political/legal event in the United States

Presumptive president-elect Joseph R. Biden has launched a transition website that describes his initial initiatives he plans to address upon taking office in January 2021.  Mr Biden appears prepared to engage in a level of spending to address faults and inequities in the American economic infrastructure that were in place prior to the Covid pandemic.  Spending initiatives include:

  • Providing state, local, and tribal governments with financial assistance;
  • Extending Covid crisis unemployment insurance to people out of work;
  • Provide a financial package for small businesses and entrepreneurs;
  • Creation of a public health corps that puts the unemployed to work fighting the pandemic.

No discussion has been provided by the transition team yet on the costs of these packages and the impact they may have on money supply expansion/contraction, trade, or foreign exchange rates.

Source: BuildBackBetter.com

Foreign exchange rates between U.S. and countries with investment interests in Baltimore

As of 8:30 am EST, 3 November 2020:

How to read the chart:

CAD/USD: If you come to the United States with one Canadian dollar (CAD)and wish to sell it for a US dollar (USD), the market price is .75230 USD.

USD/CAD: If you take a US dollar (USD) to Canada and wish to sell it for a Canadian dollar (CAD), the market price is 1.32909 CAD

CAD/USD=0.75230   USD/CAD=1.32909

CNH/USD= 0.14944   USD/CNH=6.69030

EUR/USD= 1.16373    USD/EUR=0.85920

DKK/USD =0.15628     USD/DKK=6.39720

NGN/USD= 0.00259    USD/NGN=382.951

JPY/USD=0.00955       USD/JPY=104.75

INR/USD=0.01342       USD/INR=74.3724

JMD/USD=0.00679      USD/JMD=144.248

Source: Bankrate